资源与生态学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (1): 56-67.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.01.006

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中国入境旅游碳足迹时空特征与演化研究

韩志勇1(), 李涛2,3,*(), 刘喜梅1   

  1. 1.河北农业大学海洋学院,河北 秦皇岛 066003
    2.南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    3.江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-16 接受日期:2020-09-01 出版日期:2021-01-30 发布日期:2021-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 李涛

Temporal and Spatial Characteristics and Evolution of China’s Inbound Tourism Carbon Footprint

HAN Zhiyong1(), LI Tao2,3,*(), LIU Ximei1   

  1. 1. Ocean College of Agriculture University of Hebei, Qinhuangdao, Hebei 066003, China
    2. School of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2020-06-16 Accepted:2020-09-01 Online:2021-01-30 Published:2021-03-30
  • Contact: LI Tao
  • About author:HAN Zhiyong, E-mail: 812404918@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001155);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571139)

摘要:

据统计,旅游碳排放已占全球碳排放总量的4.9%,加强对其研究和控制是关乎人类能否可持续发展的重要命题。本文基于地理学的视角,研究了中国2007年到2017年间30个省、市、自治区入境旅游碳足迹时空分布的特征和演化规律。在利用碳足迹综合计算模型和空间分析方法基础上,深入揭示了中国入境旅游碳足迹的时空分布特征及演化规律。结果表明,2007年到2017年间,中国入境旅游碳足迹呈现急速上升又稍有回落的趋势,总量从562.30万t上升到1088.09万t,增长1.94倍,其中交通和邮电业占比最大;近十年来我国多数省市的入境旅游碳足迹变异程度不高,维持在较平稳的状态;空间维度上,则呈现东南向西北方向递减趋势。

关键词: 碳足迹, 入境旅游, 时空分布, 中国

Abstract:

Reducing carbon emissions and transitioning to a low-carbon economy are important propositions for human sustainability. Since it is closely related with high carbon emissions, international travel makes a substantial contribution to the global carbon emissions. To comprehensively explore the influence of international travel on carbon emissions and develop a sustainable development plan, this paper studies the temporal and spatial distribution and evolution of the carbon footprint of inbound tourism in China’s 30 provinces between 2007 and 2017. In this study, comprehensive calculations and spatial models are adopted to reveal the temporal and spatial characteristics. The results show that the carbon footprint of inbound tourism in China has been increasing continuously from 2007 to 2017. While the carbon footprint increased by 1.94-fold, from 5.623 million tons to 10.8809 million tons, it presented obvious fluctuations by initially increasing rapidly and then dropping slightly. From the perspective of the contributions of various tourism components on the carbon footprint, transportation and post and telecommunications account for the largest proportions. In the past ten years, the variations in the carbon footprint of inbound tourism in most provinces and cities in China were not very extreme, but maintained a relatively stable state. In the spatial dimension, the carbon footprint of China’s inbound tourism tends to decrease from the southeast to the northwest. The highest coefficient of variation is in Ningxia and the lowest is in Liaoning. Based on these results, recommendations are put forward for sustainable development plans in some major cities and provinces for the future.

Key words: carbon footprint, inbound tourism, spatial and temporal distribution, China