资源与生态学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (2): 140-149.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2020.02.002

• Human Activities and Ecosystem • 上一篇    下一篇

气候变化下基于物种与植物耦联机制的小白额雁(Anser erythropus)潜在生境及适宜性研究——以长江流域中下游为例

向伶1, 高翔2, 3, 彭玉辉2, 3, 梁婕2, 3   

  1. 1. 云南国土资源职业学院国土管理学院,昆明 652501;
    2. 湖南大学环境科学与工程学院,长沙 410082;
    3. 湖南大学/教育部环境生物学与污染控制实验室,长沙 410082
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-07 接受日期:2020-02-18 出版日期:2020-03-30 发布日期:2020-05-30

Coupling the Occurrence of Correlative Plant Species to Predict the Habitat Suitability for Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus) under Climate Change: A Case Study in the Middle and Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River

XIANG Ling1, *, GAO Xiang2, 3, PENG Yuhui2, 3, LIANG Jie2, 3   

  1. 1. Faculty of Land Management, Yunnan Land and Resources Vocational College, Kunming 652501, China;
    2. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, China
  • Received:2019-12-07 Accepted:2020-02-18 Online:2020-03-30 Published:2020-05-30
  • Contact: XIANG Ling, E-mail: semisugar222@163.com
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China (51679082, 51979101, 51479072); The Hunan Science & Technology Innovation Program (2018RS3037); The Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2019JJ20002).

摘要: 气候变化和人类活动通过改变物种生境而影响物种多样性。小白额雁是长江流域中下游的一种具有较高生态价值的食草型濒危候鸟,受气候变化和人类活动威胁。本文以小白额雁为代表性物种,定量分析了气候变化对长江流域中下游候鸟潜在生境及适宜性空间分布格局的影响。采用Maxent模型模拟了当前情景和全球环流模型(GCMs)气候场景下小白额雁潜在生境及其适宜性分布。研究结果表明,小白额雁分布特征与其栖息地周边植物分布呈显著相关关系;运用Maxent模型模拟小白额雁六种主要食源植物的分布特征,并将其结果作为环境变量,将显著改善小白额雁潜在生境及其适宜性模型的模拟性能;在两种典型浓度情景(RCP 2.6和RCP 8.5)下,2070年小白额雁潜在生境适宜性面积将下降。为应对气候变化对小白额雁的影响,应采取更加合理的管理措施和保护政策,包括调整保护区的大小、形状和用途。

关键词: 生境适宜性模型, 气候变化, Maxent, 小白额雁, MODIS, 长江流域

Abstract: Climate change and human activities influence species biodiversity by altering their habitats. This paper quantitatively analyzed the effects of climate change on a migratory bird. The Lesser White-fronted Goose (LWfG), a species which migrates via the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River region, is an herbivorous species of high ecological value. It is an endangered species threatened by climate change and human activities, so comprehensive information about its distribution is required. To assess the effectiveness of conservation of the LWfG under climate change, both climate variables and human activities are often used to predict the potential changes in the distribution and habitat suitability for LWfG. In this work, the current scenario and the Global Circulation Models (GCMs) climate scenarios were used to simulate the future distribution of the species. However, besides climate change and human activities, the spatial pattern of plants surrounding the wetland is also known to be closely related to the distribution of LWfG. Therefore, the distribution model results of six plant species related to LWfG’s diet selection were used as environment variables to reflect the changes of suitable LWfG habitat. These environmental variables significantly improved the model’s performance for LWfG, since the birds were clearly influenced by the plant distribution factors. Meanwhile, the suitable habitat area decreases by 2070 in GCM models under two representative concentration pathways scenarios (RCP2.6 and RCP8.5). More appropriate management and conservation policies should be taken to adapt to future climate change. These adjustments include modifications of the size, shape and use of the conservation area for this species.

Key words: habitat suitability modeling, climate change, Maxent, Lesser White-fronted Goose, MODIS, the Yangtze River