资源与生态学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 22-27.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2018.01.003

所属专题: 地理大数据

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基于“环境-食品-健康”链的食品安全大数据资源规划

肖革新1, 杨冰2, 李伟3   

  1. 1. 国家食品安全风险评估中心,北京 100022;
    2. 贵州省分析测试研究院,贵阳 550002;
    3. 北京大学电子政务研究院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-26 修回日期:2017-11-30 出版日期:2018-01-30 发布日期:2018-01-26

Big Data Resource Planning for Food Safety: a Preliminary Exploration of the “Environment, Food and Health” Information Chain

XIAO Gexin1, *, YANG Bing2, LI Wei3   

  1. 1. National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100022, China;
    2. Guizhou Academy of Testing and Analysis, Guiyang 550002, China;
    3. E-government Research Institute of Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2017-04-26 Revised:2017-11-30 Online:2018-01-30 Published:2018-01-26
  • Contact: XIAO Gexin, E-mail: biocomputer@126.com
  • Supported by:
    FORHEAD with funding from the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF)

摘要: 环境污染、食品安全与健康之间紧密相连,解决食品安全问题应以公众健康为中心,加强源头治理。如何突破“环境-食品-健康”跨部门间的信息壁垒,实现数据的有效流动和资源的高效利用,助力食品安全协同治理,将成为我国健康医疗大数据时代的重要发展路径。针对相关部门掌握的信息资源存在“烟囱”效应,缺乏有效衔接等问题,本研究以“环境-食品-健康”链为主线,对相关部门信息资源进行梳理,发现其中存在的问题,提出了加强顶层设计、建立统一数据标准、建立大数据共享平台、加强复合型人才培养等措施。

关键词: 大数据, 环境, 健康, 食品安全, 信息资源规划

Abstract: Environmental pollution, food safety and health are closely linked. A key challenge in addressing the problem of food safety and protecting public health is building an integrated knowledge base to inform policy and strengthen governance. This requires breaking down the trans-departmental information barrier across the environment, food and health domains to ensure the effective flow of data and the efficient utilization of resources, and facilitate the collaborative governance of food safety. Achieving this will be crucial for the development of health and medical care in China in the era of big data. Currently, the information resources commanded by various departments are incomplete and fragmented. Data resources are also organized in vertical silos and there is a lack of data sharing within and across policy streams. To provide the basis for more effective integrated collection and analysis of data in future, this study summarizes the information resources of various departments whose work relates to interactions between environment, food and health, and presents measures to strengthen top-down design, and establish unified data standards and a big data sharing platform. It also points to the need for increased training of data analysts with interdisciplinary expertise.

Key words: big data, environment, food safety, health, information resource planning (IRP)