资源与生态学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 307-314.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764X.2019.03.009

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华南地区漓江上游3种典型森林不同层次土壤湿度比较研究

李海防1,2(), 刘庆华1(), 李士美1, 李伟1, 杨金明1   

  1. 1. 青岛农业大学园林与林学院,山东青岛 266109
    2. 桂林理工大学旅游学院,广西桂林 541004
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-04 接受日期:2018-07-30 出版日期:2019-05-30 发布日期:2019-05-30

Comparison of Soil Moisture in Different Soil Layers between Three Typical Forests in the Upper Reaches of Lijiang River Basin, Southern China

LI Haifang1,2(), LIU Qinghua1,*(), LI Shimei1, LI Wei1, YANG Jinming1   

  1. 1. College of Landscape Architecture and Forestry, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, Shandong 266109, China
    2. School of Tourism, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin, Guangxi 541004, China
  • Received:2018-02-04 Accepted:2018-07-30 Online:2019-05-30 Published:2019-05-30
  • Contact: LIU Qinghua
  • About author:

    First author: LI Haifang, E-mail:373156070@qq.com

  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41261006)

摘要:

不同森林植被改变了林下穿透雨、树干径流、蒸发散和地表入渗,进而对林下不同层次土壤湿度产生重要影响。以华南地区漓江上游3种典型森林,包括毛竹林(Phyllostachys pubescens)、荷木林(Schima superba)和杉木林(Cunninghamia lanceolata)为研究对象,比较其不同层次土壤湿度及其影响因素。结果表明:(1) 毛竹林、荷木林和杉木林3种典型植被林下凋落物层和土壤层存在明显差异,荷木林林下土壤入渗强于毛竹林和杉木林;(2) 由于森林植被垂直结构差异,从0-20 cm表层土壤到50-80 cm深层土壤,3种典型植被不同层次土壤湿度存在较大的时空差异;(3) 荷木林各层次土壤湿度都明显高于毛竹林和杉木林;(4) 各层次土壤含水量与年降雨关系密切,随雨旱两季变化,毛竹林、荷木林和杉木林不同层次土壤湿度随降雨变化趋势基本一致; (5) 在0-20 cm表层土壤,土壤湿度主要受地表凋落物性质的影响,而在深层土壤,土壤湿度主要受植物根系分布和土壤物理性质的影响。本研究为深入了解漓江上游森林植被对降水产流的调节作用,客观评估漓江上游水资源和科学管理水源涵养林提供理论依据。

关键词: 土壤湿度, 不同层次土壤, 典型森林植被, 华南地区

Abstract:

Throughfall, stemflow, evapotranspiration and infiltration are likely to vary with forest types, and consequently affect soil moisture regimes in different soil layers. In this study, the spatial and temporal characteristics of soil moisture were investigated to understand variations in soil moisture in three typical forests, including Phyllostachys pubescens forest (abbreviated as PPF), Schima superba forest (abbreviated as SSF) and Cunninghamia lanceolata forest (abbreviated as CLF) in the upper reaches of Lijiang River basin in southern China. The results showed that, (1) Litterfall and soil physical properties differed significantly in the three typical forests. Infiltration capacity in SSF was more favorable to soil moisture than in PPF and CLF. (2) Large variations were found in soil moisture at different forest stands and depths. Due to complicated vertical structures, there were obvious differences in soil moisture from the 0-20 cm soil layer to the 50-80 cm soil layer. (3) Average soil moisture in each layer was higher in SSF than in PPF and CLF. (4) Soil moisture in different layers correlated closely with precipitation (P<0.01) and the three typical forests had the same change trends with rainfall during the studying period. (5) In topsoil, soil moisture was influenced by soil properties which were mostly determined by litterfall, while in deep soil, soil moisture was affected by variations of soil characteristics, which were mostly determined by root distribution. This study provides a scientific basis for better understanding the relationships between forest vegetation and its hydrological effects, helping to facilitate water resources conservation and achieving wise forest management in the upper reaches of Lijiang River basin.

Key words: soil moisture, different soil layers, typical forests, southern China