Soil and Water Conservation Ecological Technology in China

  • 1. Soil and Water Conservation Monitoring Center, Ministry of Water Resources, Beijing 100055, China;
    2. Beijing Soil and Water Conservation Ecological Engineering Consulting Co. Ltd., Beijing 100055, China

Received date: 2017-04-26

  Revised date: 2017-06-30

  Online published: 2017-07-30

Supported by

National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0503705)


Analysis of the development of research and technical application is a critical basis for the identification and evaluation for suitable soil and water conservation ecological technology (SWCET) in China. Among instruments for analyzing the development of research and technical application, bibliometric statistics and visualization tools such as CiteSpace have been widely applied. To analyze the domestic development of SWCET, we applied CiteSpace to the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) database on Chinese research literature (from Jan 1985 to Mar 2017) and patents (Jan 2002 to Feb 2017). The circulation of research after 2002 and quantity of patents after 2010 increased rapidly. Research institutions, people and interests were dispersed, a strong center of research has not been formed and cooperation among research institutions is weak. The number of patented inventions in western regions of China suffering serious soil erosion is far lower than that in eastern regions such as Jiangsu, Beijing, Shandong and Guangdong. Vegetation restoration, ecological slope protection and protective cultivation are relative hotspots according to technical measures: the Loess Plateau, stony desertification (area) and dry-hot valley according to research area, and expressway, side slope and sloping cropland according to application area. Research hotspots mainly appeared several years after the number of published papers increased in 2002. In the past five years, only stony desertification has emerged as a focus. We argue that further studies on the identification and evaluation of SWCET should be focused on certain technical measures, regions and areas.

Cite this article

LI Qi, WANG Haiyan, CONG Peijuan, ZHAO Hui . Soil and Water Conservation Ecological Technology in China[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2017 , 8(4) : 392 -397 . DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2017.04.011


[1] Berendse F., Ruijven J. V., Jongejans E., et al . 2015. Loss of plant species diversity reduces soil erosion resistance. Ecosystems , 18 (5): 881-888.
[2] Chen C. M., Ibekwe-SanJuan F., Hou J. H. 2010. The structure and dynamics of cocitation clusters: A multiple-perspective cocitation analysis. Journal of the American society for information science and technology , 61(7): 1386-1409.
[3] Deng L., Shangguan Z. P., Li R. 2012. Effects of the grain-for-green program on soil erosion in China. International Journal of Sediment Research , 27(1): 120-127.
[4] Fu B. J., Liu Y., Lu Y. H., et al . 2011. Assessing the soil erosion control service of ecosystems change in the Loess Plateau of China. Ecological Complexity , 8(4): 284-293.
[5] Hua B. 2016. Types and description rules of knowledge elements about method in academic papers. Journal of Library Science in China , 42(221): 30-40. (in Chinese)
[6] Jiao J. Y., Zhang Z. G., Bai W. J., et al. 2010. Assessing the Ecological Success of Restoration by Afforestation on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Restoration Ecology , 20(2): 240-249.
[7] Li, Z. W., Liu C., Dong, Y. T., et al . 2017. Response of soil organic carbon and nitrogen stocks to soil erosion and land use types in the Loess hilly-gully region of China. Soil & Tillage Research , 166: 1-9.
[8] Liu C., Dong Y. T., Li Z. W., et al . 2017. Tracing the source of sedimentary organic carbon in the Loess Plateau of China: An integrated elemental ratio, stable carbon signatures, and radioactive isotopes approach. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity , 167: 201-210.
[9] Liu Q. N. 2010. Research on in identification technological evolution path base on patent citation network——taking Ethernet technology as an example. Master Dissertation of Dalian University of Technology : 28-30 . (in Chinese)
[10] Luo J. L., Li M. J., Jiang J., et al . 2015. On recognition of the core technology using evidential reasoning, Journal of Intelligence , 34(1): 36-45. (in Chinese)
[11] Powlson D. S., Gregory P. J., Whalley W. R. et al . 2011. Soil management in relation to sustainable agriculture and ecosystem services. Food Policy , 36 (Supplement 1): S72-S87.
[12] Ren J. L., Li H. 2016. Visualization of research papers on eco-friendly water development in China——literature analysis tools based on CiteSpace. China Water Resources , (5): 55-58. (in Chinese)
[13] Shen L. W. 2011. Study on distribution and development countermeasures of paten in force in China. Master dissertation of Dalian University of Technology : 16-32 . (in Chinese)
[14] Yang A. M., Liu X. Y., Li Y. H. 2005. Concepts, classification and technical methods of soil and water conservation ecological rehabilitation. Soil and Water Conservation in China , 274(1): 11-13. (in Chinese)
[15] Yuan, C. M., Li Y. F., Hou H. C. 2014. A Comparative analysis on researches of patent between China and foreign countries. Research on Library Science , 34(16): 13-21. (in Chinese)
[16] Yue Y., Ni J.R., Ciais P., et al . 2016. Lateral transport of soil carbon and land-atmosphere CO 2 flux induced by water erosion in China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , 113(24): 6617-6622.
[17] Zhen L., Wang J. J.,Jiang Z. D. et al . 2016. The methodology for assessing ecological restoration technologies and evaluation of global ecosystem rehabilitation technologies. Acta Ecologica Sinica , 36(22): 7152-7157. (in Chinese)
[18] Zhang H. W., Li H., Wei B. G., et al . 2017. A literature comparative analysis on soil and water conservation between China and foreign countries based on Web of Science. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation , 37(1): 212-218. (in Chinese)
[19] Zhang L., Tochen R. M., Hibbard M., et al . 2017. The role of local leaders in environmental concerns in master plans: an empirical study of China’s eighty large municipalities. Journal of Planning Education and Research , (OnlineFirst): 1-11. 10.1177/0739456X17699063