Silk Road

A Study on the Evolution of Regional Geopolitical Pattern and Its Impact on the Regional Resources Cooperation in Northeast Asia

  • 1 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Received date: 2014-09-15

  Revised date: 2015-02-11

  Online published: 2015-03-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271556; 41101117); National Natural Science Foundation of China and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (4141101065; 15-56-53037).


Taking America's implementing the Asia-Pacific rebalancing strategy and China's building the Silk Road Belt as a backdrop, this research generalizes the basic concepts of geopolitics, geo-economy and geo-strategy, and then reviews the basic theories of geopolitics and its progress. Furthermore, based on the results of analyzing the features of changes of East Asia geopolitical environment, the paper summarizes the development trends of geopolitical environment of Sino-Mongolia and Sino-Russia, and considers that the geopolitical pattern and order of the South China Sea has been changed deeply with the strong involvement of USA. One of the most important changes is that China's interests are suffering stern challenge from Japan, Vietnam, Philippines and other countries. Afterwards, taking the energy market as an example, this research analyzes the impact of geopolitical changes of East Asia on the regional resources market. For China, the strategic conception of building the Silk Road Economic Belt is a countermeasure to counterbalance the adverse changing. At the same time, Russia was sanctioned by western countries and turned their eyes to Asia. So the stern geopolitical environment of both countries provides a good opportunity for China-Russia economic and trade cooperation. Because of the similar geopolitical situation and economic complementary, the energy cooperation between China and Russia is expected to be further enhanced in the future. Although Mongolia's economy relies heavily on China, its geopolitical strategic demand and strategic target have changed profoundly since the United States returns to Asia. The diplomatic priority of Mongolia is to strengthen exchanges with "the third neighbor" and to counterbalance its two neighbors' influences. Though the Sino-Mongolia geopolitical relations are mainly positive, America's involvement increased the uncertainty of Sino-Mongolia resources cooperation. For Japan and Korea being America's allies, the harsh regional geopolitical environment will decrease their share of resources market in northeast Asia in the future.

Cite this article

YU Huilu, DONG Suocheng, LI Zehong, LI Fei, CHENG Hao, LI Fujia . A Study on the Evolution of Regional Geopolitical Pattern and Its Impact on the Regional Resources Cooperation in Northeast Asia[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2015 , 6(2) : 93 -100 . DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2015.02.005


Dang S, Liu Y H, Jia W Y. 2013. The analysis of oil and gas cooperationbetween China and Russia with a perspective of geopolitics. Journal ofShanxi Normal University, (S3): 31-33. (in Chinese)
Hou D Q. 2013. The eastward transfer of U. S. strategy and its effect onthe geopolitics in East Asia. Southeast Asian Studies, (06): 42-48. (inChinese)
Hu Z D, Cao Y, Liu Y L, Ge Y J. 2013. A new development of politicalgeography research in China:geo-setting.Human Geography,(05): 123-128. (in Chinese)
ICMLR (Information Center of Ministry of Land and Resources of People'sRepublic of China). 2013. World mineral resources annual review 2013.Beijing: Geological Publishing House.
Jiang S, Zhang Z R. 2014. Scramble for oil in East China Sea: Energygeopolitics and the Diaoyu island dispute between China and Japan.Journal of China University of Geosciences (Social Sciences Edition),(02): 30-34. (in Chinese)
Lang Y H, Wang L M,Gu M C. 2013. New geopolitical pattern of energy insouth china sea and its strategic thinking of its countermearsures. Energyof China, (03): 4-10. (in Chinese)
Li X M, Wang A. 2014. The ten famous news about China's energy issue in2014. Economic Reference Press, 2014-12-29. (in Chinese)
Li X. 2012. American eastward transfer and China-Russia geopoliticalsecurity cooperation. Journal of University of International Relations, (4):105-110. (in Chinese)
Lin L M. 2013. China's geopolitical issues. Journal of InternationalRelations, (01): 36-38. (in Chinese)
Liu G. 2013b. China's trade status still promoting. People' Daily, 2013-04-11. (in Chinese)
Liu J S. 2013a. Reviews of the research of international oil geopolitics.Productivity Research, (05): 188-191. (in Chinese)
Liu J S. 2014b. The current situation of international oil geopolitics andChina's countermeasures. Jiangxi Social Science, (01): 194-199. (inChinese)
Liu Y W. 2014a. Geopolitical analysis of culture exporting strategy. Forumfor Chinese Culture, (01): 157-164. (in Chinese)
Lu D D, Du D B. 2013. Some thoughts on the strengthening of geopoliticaland geo-economic studies. Acta Geographica Sinica, (06): 723-727. (inChinese)
Ma L G. 2013. Sino-Mongolian Relations after the Cold War from thePerspective of Geopolitics. Academic Exploration, (9): 34-39. (inChinese)
Shi H M, Liu J F. 2011. The Western countries is in a strong position in theinformation era Chinese should prevent from falling into the trap. Scienceand Technologe Daily, 2011-03-01. (in Chinese)
Tan S J. 2013. On the international geopolitics and oil strategy game.Journal of Hunan University of Technology (Social Science Edition), (01):78-83. (in Chinese)
The Editorial Department of Times Finance. 2013. Japanese media: Westerncountries underevaluate chinese westward advancing strategy. TimesFinance, (12): 60-61. (in Chinese)
Wang H Y. 2013. A study on China's western advancing issue. ResourcesEnvironment and Development, (2):19-24. (in Chinese)
Wu X B. 2013. China's geopolitical strategy in the next ten years. Journalof international relations, (01): 34-36. (in Chinese)
Xiao Z Y. 2009. First discussion about the geopolitical theory and practiceof the United States. Journal of Xianning University, 29 (1): 11-13. (inChinese)
Xing G C. 2013. Stretching a new picture of the China-Russiacomprehensive strategic partnership. Qiushi, (8): 53-57. (in Chinese)
Yu H Y. 2013. Assessment of energy cooperation in Asia-Pacific area fromthe perspective of geopolitics. Energy, (01): 82-83. (in Chinese)
Zhang H M, Hao C Y. 2013. Assessment the development trends ofgeopolitics from the perspetive of its history and currrent situation.Contemporary International Relations, (02): 52-57. (in Chinese)
Zhang H M, Sun X G. 2014. East Asia geopolitical environment and China'scoping strategy at the beginning of 21st cetury. Industrial & ScienceTribune, (02): 111-112. (in Chinese)
Zhang X K. 2013. A geopolitical analysis of america's involvement inthe South China Sea issue. International Forum, (06): 21-26+77. (inChinese)
Zhang Y. 2001. Geopolitics and technology power in the information era.Contemporary International Relations, (7):18-23. (in Chinese)
Zheng Y N. 2014. China's marine geoplitical environment and landenvironment. Foreign Affairs Review, (01): 5-15. (in Chinese)
Zhu B B. 2013. The thinking of China's response to the geopoliticalenvironment security in northeast Asia in post-crisis era. Social ScienceFront, (08): 260-262. (in Chinese)