Soil Characteristics and Nutrients in Different Tea Garden Types in Fujian Province, China

  • 1 School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China;
    2 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China

Received date: 2014-09-17

  Revised date: 2014-12-01

  Online published: 2014-12-18

Supported by

Consulting Project of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (2013-XZ-22).


Anxi is the largest producing area of Tie Guanyin tea in China. "The cultural system of Tie Guanyin tea in Anxi" was selected as "Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems" (China-NIAHS) in 2014. Tea gardens in this region are organic, ecological or non-ecological. After sampling the soil in these three kinds of tea gardens, we compared soil properties and nutrient content at different soil depths using physical and chemical analyses. Our aim was to provide a scientific basis for the management of tea plantations. We measured and analyzed soil in two organic, three ecological and one non-ecological tea gardens at depths of 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm in Anxi County. According to Duncan multiple comparisons and t tests, soil nutrients differed between organic and ecological or non-ecological tea gardens at 0-10 cm. Organic matter and total nitrogen differed between organic and nonecological tea garden soils at 10-20 cm. In organic tea gardens, soil bulk density, porosity, relative water content, soil organic matter, total nitrogen and total phosphorus were advantageous for tea tree growth. In ecological tea gardens, the indicators were appropriate and relatively advantageous for tea tree growth at a soil depth of 0-10 cm. For non-ecological tea garden, the nutrients were at a compact level and negatively affect tea growth. These results show that soil properties and nutrient content in organic and ecological tea gardens are superior to non-ecological tea garden. The development of organic tea gardens is the most suitable strategy for the growth of tea trees.

Cite this article

XU Ping, YANG Liyun, LIU Moucheng, PENG Fei . Soil Characteristics and Nutrients in Different Tea Garden Types in Fujian Province, China[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2014 , 5(4) : 356 -363 . DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2014.04.011


Carr M K V. 1971. The internal water status of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis): Some results illustrating the use of the pressure chamber technique. Agricultural Meteorology, 9: 447-160.

Chen Z C, Yan M J, Lin Q, et al. 2009. The influence of the quality of tea garden soil physical properties. Tea Science and Technology, (3): 12-15. (in Chinese)

Deng Y H, Xia Y F, Xi J. 2012. Different age artificial XiangChunLin effects on soil physical and chemical properties. Guizhou Agricultural Sciences, 40(8): 117-120. (in Chinese)

Gu Y R, Zhang H L, Hu Y H. 2009. Effect of natural grasses cover on soil properties and yield and quality of peach. Pratacultural Science, 26(12): 103-107. (in Chinese)

Han W Y, Ruan J Y, Lin Z, et al. 2002. Tea garden soil nutrition main obstacle factors and fertilizer series of tea tree. Journal of Tea Science, 22(1): 70-74. (in Chinese)

Hui Z M, Li H, Liu Y L, et al. 2005. The role of orchard grass planting on soil properties research building. Journal of Chinese Agriculture, 21(5): 284-287. (in Chinese)

Jin K M. 2009. Ecological tea garden construction strategies discussion. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, (10): 274-275. (in Chinese)

Liao Q M, Lin Y J. 2011. Introduction to Anxi tea industry development characteristics and ecological tea garden construction results. Tea Science and Technology, (2): 35-37. (in Chinese)

Liao Q M. 2008. Anxi ecological tea garden construction practice and results. China Tea, 30(2): 32-33. (in Chinese)

National Soil Survey Office. 1992. Soil census and technology of China. Beijing: Agricultural Press. (in Chinese)

Peng D, Zhang H A, Yang J Z. 2006. Guangdong Province soil the capillary porosity distribution. Guangdong Forestry Science and Technology, 22(1): 56-59. (in Chinese)

Ran L X, Yu X S, Mao J M, et al. 2012. Different types of tea garden plant diseases and insect pests and prevention and control technology research. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 40(27): 13358-13359. (in Chinese)

Wang J Y, Lin F J. 2012. The key technology of Dehua county development in organic tea garden. Tea in Fujian, (3): 12-15. (in Chinese)

Yan C X. 2008. Relationship of zonal soil and vegetation in Wuyi Mountain. China Collective Economy, (15): 52-54. (in Chinese)

Zhang J C, Zhang Q H, Lin S X, et al. 2013. Different ecological regions in Guizhou king bird tea and tea quality soil characteristics correlation studies. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, 40(8): 60-63. (in Chinese)