The Qingyuan Mushroom Culture System as Agricultural Heritage

  • 1 Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Fuyang 311400, China;
    2 School of Forestry & Landscape Architecture, Anhui Agriculture University, Hefei 230036, China

Received date: 2014-09-17

  Revised date: 2014-11-19

  Online published: 2014-12-18

Supported by

Consulting Project of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (2013-XZ-22).


Qingyuan County, Zhejiang, China is recognized as a source of mushrooms around the world and as Mushroom City in China. Because of a favorable ecological environment and abundant forest resources, mushroom farmers in Qingyuan have engaged in mushroom production for 800 years and continued to form unique mushroom production systems where people and nature live in a harmonious way, and a rich and colorful mushroom culture. The Qingyuan Mushroom Culture System was named the Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage systems of China in 2014. Based on analysis of the importance of agricultural heritage and the necessity and urgency of protection, here we examine the agricultural heritage of the Qingyuan mushroom culture system as a research case study and comprehensively describe its heritage values, including supply materials and production, ecosystem services, cultural inheritance and multi-function agricultural development. These results provide reference values for agricultural heritage protection and inheritance of edible fungi in China, agricultural sustainable development and extension of agricultural function.

Cite this article

WANG Bin, XIU Zhenzhen, YU Chao, GERI Letu, ZHANG Long . The Qingyuan Mushroom Culture System as Agricultural Heritage[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2014 , 5(4) : 314 -319 . DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2014.04.005


Chen G G. 2009. Study on evaluation for forest ecological system service function of public walfare forests in Qingyuan County. Huazhong Agricultural University. (in Chinese)

Chen X L, Lu P J, Wu H J. 2008. Empirical study on the mushroom industrial development and the natural environment and the residents welfare in Qingyuan County. New West, 4:91-93. (in Chinese)

Compiling Committee of Qingyuan County Annals. 1996. Qingyuan county annals. Zhejiang People's Publishing House. (in Chinese)

Editorial Board of Jili Vegetables. 2014. Nutritional value of various fungi. Jilin vegetables,9:34. (in Chinese)

Gan C F. 2012. All aspects of mushrooms. Mushroom Research Institute in Qingyuan County. (in Chinese)

Hu G G. 2011. Research on development and countermeasures of edible fungus industry in Qingyuan Country. Zhejiang A&F University. (in Chinese)

Huang W H, Cai H M, Wu S J. 2014. Historical evolution and social significance of the sacrifice activities of the mushroom ancestor. Edible Fungus, 1:75-76. (in Chinese)

Ji L Y. 2011. Mushroom history and culture associated with mushroom originator Wu Sangong. Popular Literature, 6:219-220. (in Chinese)

Jiang S W, Huang Z M. 2002. The origin and development of mushrooms economy. Zhejiang Economy, 24:51-53. (in Chinese)

Lin J. 1997. The physiological effect of mushrooms nutritional ingredients to the human body. Edible Fungi of Zhejiang, 2:6-9. (in Chinese)

Liu J, Hu G. 2011. Pastoral Qingyuan. Hangzhou: Zhejiang Ancient Books Publishing House. (in Chinese)

Liu Y L. 2011. Research on the protection of minority village cultural landscape heritage. Minzu University of China. (in Chinese)

Qingyuan Tourism Bureau of Zhejiang Province. 2008. Taste Qingyuan. Hangzhou: Xilengyinshe Publishing House. (in Chinese)

Shen Y W. 1997. Rational use of mountainous resources and sustainable development of mushroom economy- Investigation about the economic developments of mushroom in Qingyuan County. Zhejiang Economy, 11:54-56. (in Chinese)

Tian Z J. 2008. Economic and folk custom characteristics of mushroom folk songs in the southwest of Zhejiang Province. Chinese Music, 2:123-129. (in Chinese)

Wang L S. The Qingyuan mushroom culture system to be selected as the second batch of Chinese important agricultural heritage systems. http:// (in Chinese)

Wu J L. 2010. Chinese-mushroom culture in Qingyuan: its history and contents. Journal of Zhejiang Normal University, 35(6):53-56. (in Chinese)

Wu Q L. 2005. Mushroom temple - the protective umbrella trusted by the mushroom people. Agricultural Archaeology, 3:123-128. (in Chinese)

Wu X Q, Chen S Y. 2002. Reform and development of cultivation technique of Lentinus edodes in China. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology, 22(3):14-18. (in Chinese)

Xie L Q. 2010. Clean up from the source about the "source of mushroom" by Zhang Shuting professor. Edible Fungi of Zhejiang, 18(5):10-11. (in Chinese)

Yan H D. 2013. Purification, identification and immune activity of a new polysaccharide from Lentinula. South China University of Technology. (in Chinese)

Yao H J, Wu K D, Hu H J, Yin W J. 1987. Investigation and study on the trend of supply and demand of Qingyuan mushrooms timber. Journal of

Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology, 7(5):37-42. (in Chinese)

Yao Q P, Yuan L F, Wu X F, Fang J. 2011. The current situation and countermeasures of geographical indication product "Qingyuan mushroom" - How to improve the effect and benefit of geographical indication product "Qingyuan mushroom". Selected Essays of Excellent Paper about Quality Management of Zhejiang Province in 2010. (in Chinese)

Ye W F, Wu J X. 2006. The countermeasures and strategies of developing the market of Qingyuan mushroom. Contemporary Manager. 12:40-41. (in Chinese)

Yu X. 1995. Mushroom temples and mushroom culture of Qingyuan County. Zhejiang Academic Journal, 6:1. (in Chinese)

Zhang S C, Lai M N. 1993. History and culture of mushroom cultivation in China. Shanghai Science and Technology Press. (in Chinese)

Zhen K S. 2011. Some thoughts about the development misunderstandings of mushrooms industry - with Qingyuan County as an example. Modern Rural Science and Technology, 20:68-69. (in Chinese)

Zhou C M. 2008. Forest conservation techniques of mushroom forest with in an economic way in Qingyuan County. Business (Educational Economic

Research), 3:182. (in Chinese)

Zhu Q. 2012. Tourism development strategy in Qingyuan County under the brand of "the Chinese county with the best eco-environment". Journal of Zhejiang A&F University, 29(3): 435-439. (in Chinese)