The Asynchronous Phenomenon and Relative Efficiency of Tourism Resources in China Based on Panel Data for 31 Provinces from 2001 to 2009

  • 1 School of Business, Anhui University, Hefei 230601, China;
    2 College of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    3 Kunshan Academy, Jiangsu Radio and Television University, Suzhou 215300, China

Received date: 2014-04-02

  Revised date: 2014-06-03

  Online published: 2014-09-10

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271149; 41301145); a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD); and Youth Foundation of Humanities and Social Science of Education Ministry (12YJC790175).


We used panel data for 31 Chinese provinces from 2001 to 2009 and entropy methods to evaluate regional tourism resources endowment. Combined with regional tourism revenue, we constructed an asynchronous index and quantitatively evaluated every area's asynchronous phenomenon regarding tourism resources. We found that Chinese mainland tourism resources have asynchronous phenomenon: tourism is positively asynchronous in the east (Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and Beijing-Tianjin region) and negatively asynchronous in central and western China. The total efficiency of tourism resources in eastern China is mainly driven by pure technology efficiency and by scale efficiency in western China. In addition to some provinces, the ranking of provincial total efficiency and the asynchronous index has a strong positive correlation. We conclude with several suggestions for the development of tourism resources across China.

Cite this article

FANG Yelin, HUANG Zhenfang, ZHANG Hong, PENG Qian, LU Weiting . The Asynchronous Phenomenon and Relative Efficiency of Tourism Resources in China Based on Panel Data for 31 Provinces from 2001 to 2009[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2014 , 5(3) : 280 -288 . DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2014.03.011


Department of Comprehensive Statistics of National Bureau of Statistics. 2010. China Compendium of Statistics 1949-2008. Beijing: China Statistics Press. (in Chinese)

Ding X S, Li Y W, Lv K W. 2011. A study on the regional disparity development of tourism in Henan province based on spatial mismatch theory. Geography and Geo-Information Science, 27(2): 106-108. (in Chinese)

Dong H M, Zhao J B. 2011. Relationship between the abundances of tourism resources and the development of tourism industry in China.Journal of Arid Land Resource and Environment, 25(2): 173-177. (in Chinese)

Fang Y L, Mao L L. 2011. The study of tourism division in Anhui province based on SPSS16.0. Tourism Forum, 4(3): 86-90. (in Chinese)

Han C X. 2009. The spatial tourism economical development based on the superiority degree of tourism resources in Xinjiang. Economic Geography, 29(5): 871-875. (in Chinese)

Li L P. 2008. The diagnosis of "synchronousness- asynchronousness" and the Chinese destinations: Based on the national tourism data of 31 provincial cellos. Human Geography, 23(2): 87-90. (in Chinese)

Liu X J, Shen L. 2006. Indicators and comprehensive appraisal system for saving society. Journal of Natural Resources, 21(3): 382-391. (in Chinese)

Ma X L, Bao J G. 2010. Regional difference and spatial patterns of the tourism efficiency in Chinese primary tourist cities. Human Geography, 25(1): 105-110. (in Chinese)

Mankiw N G, Liang X M. 2003. Principles of economics (3 rd edition). Beijing: Mechanical Industry Press, (8): 125-127. (in Chinese)

National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2011. [2011-11-08] (in Chinese)

Sachs J, A Wamer. 2001. The curse of natural resources. European Economic Review, 45(5): 827-838.

Shi Z L, Huang Z H. 2009. "Resource curse" and sustainable development of resource-based region. China Population, Resource and Environment, 19(5): 33-36. (in Chinese)

Tao C Q, Qi Y W. 2011. Analysis of spatial-temporal evaluation of regional technology relatively efficiency in China. Economic Geography, 31(5): 730-735. (in Chinese)

Tao Z M, Xue X W, Guan J J. 2010. Efficiency characteristics analysis of tourism industry in China based on the method of DEA. Acta Geographica Sinica, 65(8): 1004-1012. (in Chinese)

Vincent J R. 1997. Resource depletion and economic sustainability in Malaysia. Environment and Development Economics, (2): 19-37.

Wang M H, Sun G N, Kang G D. 2009. A combination matrix analysis on the spatial dislocation of landscape resource, nameplate scenery and finance achievement in China. Human Geography, 24(4): 115-119. (in Chinese)

Wei Q L. 2000. Date envelopment analysis (DEA). Chinese Science Bulletin, 45(17): 1793-1808. (in Chinese)

Xiao G M, Guo H C, 2009. The basic features of tourism resource and differences between the cities in the Pearl River Delta. Resource Science, 31(7): 1430-1437. (in Chinese)

Yue H Z, Zhu C L. 2010. Technical efficiency and the regional differences of tourism industry in China: 2001~2007. Journal of Yunnan Finance University, (2): 36-43. (in Chinese)

Zhu C L, Yue H Zi, Yan H P, et al. 2009. Study on the efficiency of regional tourism industry in China based on stochastic frontline production and cost function estimation. Tourism Tribune, 24(12): 18-22. (in Chinese)