Geographical Space Distribution of China’s Oil and Gas Industry:Characteristics and Drivers

  • Research Center of Resources Environment and Regional Economics, Xi'an University of Finance and Economics, Xi'an 710100, China

Received date: 2013-05-20

  Revised date: 2014-03-07

  Online published: 2014-03-18

Supported by

the Key Project of the National Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No.11AJL007) and The Ministry of education of Humanities and Social Science project (Grant No.12YJC790082).


Here, the geographical space distribution of the oil and gas industry in China is comprehensively investigated using the overall Moran's I index and local Moran's I index. We found that China's oil and gas industry development from 2000 to 2010 has a differentiated geographical space distribution upstream (extractive industry) but not downstream (refining industry). To analyze upstream and downstream states a spatial econometrics model (SEM) was used to identify influential factors resulting from the spatial concentration of the oil and gas industry. An external effect is the key factor promoting the spatial concentration of the upstream industry in China; governmental economic policy is another important factor.

Cite this article

HU Jian, JIAO Bing . Geographical Space Distribution of China’s Oil and Gas Industry:Characteristics and Drivers[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2014 , 5(1) : 68 -73 . DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2014.01.008


Amiti M, B S Javorcik. 2008. Trade costs and location of foreign firms in China. Journal of Development Economics, 85(1-2): 129-149.

Ellison G and L Edward. 1999. The geographic concentration of industry: Does natural advantage explain agglomeration? Quarterly Journal of Economics, 35(4): 311-316.

Harris C D. 1954. The market as a factor in the localization of industry in the United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 44(4): 315-348.

Hu J, Jiao B. 2010. The comparative study on technology spillover effects of China's oil and gas industry: Research on the "resource curse" issues from a technical perspective. Studies in Science of Science, 2:250-255. (in Chinese)

Jacques-François T and C Pierre-Philippe. 2011. The rise and fall of spatial inequalities in France: A long-run perspective. Explorations in Economic History, 48(2): 243-271.

Jin Y, Chen Z, Lu M. 2006. Industry agglomeration in China: Economic geography, new economic geography and policy. Economic Research Journal, 4:79-89. (in Chinese)

Kim Sukkoo. 1999. Regions, resources, and economic geography: Sources of U.S. regional comparative advantage, 1880 – 1987. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 29(1):1-32.

Li C, Qin C L. 2011. Factor endowment, resource and environmental constraints on spatial distribution of Chinese modern industry. Nankai Economic Studies, 4:123-136. (in Chinese)

Lu J Y, Tao Z G. 2007. Determinants of industrial agglomeration in China: Evidence from panel data. China Economic Quarterly, 3:801-816. (in Chinese)

Murata Y. 2003. Product diversity, taste heterogeneity, and geographic distribution of economic activities: Market vs. non-market interactions. Journal of Urban Economics, 53(1):126-144.

Redding S and Venables A. 2004. Economic geography and international inequality. Journal of International Economics, 62(1):53-82.

Zhao Zh. 2012. Markey access, supply access and spatial distribution of industries in China: Based on China inter-provincial input-output analysis. China Economic Quarterly, 11(3):1059-1077. (in Chinese)