Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2015, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 87-92.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2015.02.004

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Impact of Climate Changes on the Caspian Sea Level

Mammadov RAMIZ   

  1. Institute of Geography, Azerbaijan Academy of Science, Baku 999207, Azerbaijan
  • Received:2014-09-15 Revised:2015-02-11 Online:2015-03-25 Published:2015-03-25
  • Contact: Mammadov RAMIZ. Email:
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271556; 41101117); National Natural Science Foundation of China and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (4141101065; 15-56-53037).


At present time two main problems for Caspian Sea are: level fluctuations and its ecological condition. Historically, the transgressions and regressions of the Caspian Sea influenced the regional living and production. Based on the geological, historical and archeological data, as well as the measured data, the geological and historical variability, yearly and seasonal changes, and short-term fluctuations are studied in this paper. In addition, this paper reviews two different methodologies that explain the reasons for the level fluctuations of the Caspian Sea. The results indicate that the Caspian Sea level changes should be considered as a multistage process, which is affected by geological factors, hydro-climatic factors and water balance, as well as anthropogenic factors, and the hydro-climatic changes are the dominant influence on the Caspian Sea level.

Key words: climate change, sea level, Caspian Sea