资源与生态学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (4): 407-415.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2018.04.008

所属专题: 世界农业文化遗产专辑

• • 上一篇    下一篇

河北迁西板栗农林复合系统生态补偿受偿意愿影响因素研究

王佳然1,2, 刘某承1, 杨伦1,2, 闵庆文1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-15 修回日期:2018-03-20 出版日期:2018-07-30 发布日期:2018-07-24

Factors Affecting the Willingness of Farmers to Accept Eco-compensation in the Qianxi Chestnut Agroforestry System, Hebei

WANG Jiaran1,2, LIU Moucheng1,*, YANG Lun1,2, MIN Qingwen1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-12-15 Revised:2018-03-20 Online:2018-07-30 Published:2018-07-24
  • Contact: *LIU Moucheng, E-mail: liumc@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    China National key R & D plan (2017YFC0506402); National Natural Science Foundation of China (41201586); Special Research Institute Project of Chinse Academy of Sciences (TSYJS05); International Exchange and Co-operation Project of MARA “Conservation of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) in China in 2018.

摘要: 当前,生态补偿已成为激励生态保护的重要手段,生态补偿受偿意愿影响因素的研究也成为生态经济学研究的热点问题之一。迁西传统板栗复合栽培系统是符合当地自然条件的典型农林复合系统,但由于当地生态环境脆弱,同时受到短期利益驱动,导致板栗单一种植逐年增多,水保防护林受到蚕蚀,造成了水土流失等问题。本文以迁西板栗农林复合系统为例,在对当地100名农户调查的基础上,采用问卷调查和模型构建法,就板栗复合栽培系统生态补偿受偿意愿影响因素进行分析。结果表明:当地农户的受教育程度、家庭经济情况、对环境破坏行为的关注程度、环境保护行为对农户收入的影响以及农户对生态补偿的了解程度都显著影响其受偿意愿。通过对受偿意愿影响因素的研究,为明晰农户参与生态补偿的机制提供案例,其研究结果也可为进一步制定科学的生态补偿标准提供依据,为当地环境的保护起到积极推动作用。

关键词: 农林复合系统, 迁西, 生态补偿, 受偿意愿

Abstract: Ecological compensation plays an important role in promoting ecological protection. Identifying factors affecting the willingness of farmers to accept eco-compensation has become a focus of ecological economics. The Qianxi traditional chestnut agricultural heritage system is a typical agroforestry system in China and adapts the local environment well. However, local farmers concentrate on chestnut monocultures, driven by short-term profits. The local ecological environment is very fragile. We surveyed 100 local rural households. Based on face-to-face interviews and questionnaires and model assessment, we analyzed factors affecting the willingness of farmers to accept eco-compensation in the Qianxi chestnut agroforestry system of Hebei. We found that many factors influence farmer willingness to accept, including education level, household income, environmental awareness, environmental protection practices and knowledge of ecological compensation. This research provides helps clarify the mechanism of farmer participation in eco-compensation and provides a basis for further development of compensation standards that benefit the local environment.

Key words: agroforestry system, ecological compensation, Qianxi, willingness to accept