资源与生态学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (6): 613-619.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2017.06.007

• Articles • 上一篇    下一篇

生态环境恢复目标导向的稻田生态补偿机制框架

熊英1,刘某承2,庞世明3,孙业红3   

  1. 1. 中国人民大学环境学院,北京 100872;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    3. 北京联合大学旅游学院,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-18 修回日期:2017-09-30 出版日期:2017-11-30 发布日期:2017-11-30

Study of Ecological Compensation for Paddy Fields: Oriented towards Eco-environmental Restoration

XIONG Ying1, LIU Moucheng2, PANG Shiming3, SUN Yehong3   

  1. 1. School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Institute of Tourism, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-08-18 Revised:2017-09-30 Online:2017-11-30 Published:2017-11-30
  • Contact: LIU Moucheng, E-mail: liumc@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41201586, 41201580)

摘要: 稻田生产对生态环境的影响具有两面性,为使稻田生产提供不同组合或更高水平的环境服务,需要补偿农户因转变操作方式而损失的收益。然而目前稻田生态系统的生态功能尚未得到广泛普遍的重视,造成了稻田生态保护的激励不足和稻田环境问题的普遍发生。因此,必须尽快建立科学的以生态环境恢复为导向的稻田生态补偿机制,以调整相关利益各方生态及其经济利益的分配关系。本文在综述稻田生态补偿研究的基础上,明晰了稻田生态补偿的概念及其必要性,构建了稻田生态补偿的机制框架,分析了补偿的标准和途径。

关键词: 补偿机制, 稻田, 生态补偿, 生态环境恢复

Abstract: Agricultural land provides not only food and fiber (an important element of food security), but also serves as a non-market commodity with characteristic externalities and public services. However, there are also many negative impacts on environment of the paddy production. Thus, Payments for paddy ecosystem services encourage farmers to engage in ecological or organic agricultural practices and agro-ecological/environmental supply. However, compared with forest, wetland, and pasture, the eco-function and ecosystem services of paddy fields have gotten insufficient attention. It is necessary to establish an eco-compensation mechanism for paddy fields that boosts behavior that protects farms to benefit the ecosystem. Based on a review of eco-compensation for paddy fields, this paper proposes the policy game framework of eco-compensation for paddy fields, which is oriented to ecological restoration. Secondly, this paper introduces methods for determination of compensation standards, including the cost the farmers’ willingness to accept, and the ecological benefits of adopting environmental friendly farming practices. And finally, this paper puts forward policy recommendations for eco-compensation for paddy ecosystems.

Key words: compensation mechnism, eco-environmental restoration, ecological compensation, paddy fields