资源与生态学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 56-62.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764X.2019.01.007

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荒漠生态资产核算与生态补偿对策

包英爽, 程磊磊, 卢琦()   

  1. 中国林业科学研究院荒漠化研究所,北京 100091
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-28 接受日期:2018-11-15 出版日期:2019-01-28 发布日期:2019-01-28

Assessment of Desert Ecological Assets and Countermeasures for Ecological Compensation

BAO Yingshuang, CHENG Leilei, LU Qi*()   

  1. Institute of Desertification Studies, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2018-08-28 Accepted:2018-11-15 Online:2019-01-28 Published:2019-01-28
  • Contact: LU Qi
  • Supported by:
    The projects from Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAFYBB2017MC006);The Institute of Desertification Studies of Chinese Academy of Forestry (IDS2017 JY-1);State Forestry Administration (2017-LY-133)

摘要:

把荒漠变资源,把资源变资产,把资产变现钱?科学系统评估荒漠生态资产,把荒漠生态资产核算与国民经济核算体系对接、纳入现行经济社会发展评价体系,为建立体现生态文明要求的目标体系与奖惩机制提供科学依据和数据支撑,并最终制定政策实现对荒漠生态系统的有效、合理的补偿。首先,本文将界定荒漠生态资产概念,阐述荒漠生态资产的内涵;其次,基于荒漠生态系统服务评估,构建一套荒漠生态资产评估体系,为定量评估荒漠生态资产与编制荒漠生态资产负债表奠定基础;最后,本文将梳理现行的荒漠生态补偿政策,探讨如何基于荒漠生态资产评估来设计荒漠生态补偿政策,提供完善荒漠生态补偿政策的对策建议。

关键词: 生态资产, 生态补偿, 荒漠化防治, 生态系统服务, 荒漠生态系统

Abstract:

Can deserts be transformed into resources, into assets, and further into cash? It is necessary to scientifically assess desert ecological assets and incorporate them into the national economic accounting system and the current evaluation system for socio-economic development. This study will provide a scientific basis and robust data for establishing a target system that is compatible with both ecological civilization and an associated reward and punishment mechanism, as well as for designing and implementing effective compensation policies for desert ecosystems. This paper first defines desert ecological assets, and then develops a framework for assessing them based on the evaluation of desert ecological resources and desert ecosystem services. This framework paves the foundation for quantitatively assessing desert ecological assets and preparing balance sheets of desert ecological assets. Finally, this paper analyzes current policies relating to desert ecological compensation, discusses how to design compensation policies based on assessment of desert ecological assets, and puts forward suggestions for improving current policies.

Key words: ecological assets, ecological compensation, desertification combat, ecosystem services, desert ecosystem