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    Sustainable or Not? Tourism Development in Agricultural Heritage Sites
    SUN Yehong, SONG Yuxin, CHEN Yuexin, YAO Cancan, LI Wenhua
    Journal of Resources and Ecology    2021, 12 (4): 543-554.   DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.04.012
    Abstract46)   HTML0)    PDF (1152KB)(15)      

    Tourism is often considered as one of the dynamic conservation and adaptive management approaches in Agricultural Heritage Sites. It has been over 15 years since the GIAHS programme was initiated in China, and tourism developed quickly in the Agricultural Heritage Sites, to some extent because many researchers consider tourism as a significant engine of the local economy. However, this is contrary to the original intention of agricultural heritage tourism as it was proposed in the first place. Apparently, there are some overt problems during the tourism development process, which are mainly as follows: Some threats to Agricultural Heritage Systems are ubiquitous; The tourism development mode in Agricultural Heritage Sites is questionable; Community involvement is difficult to implement; And the negative environmental impacts are easy to overlook. Under the context of global development, the UNWTO sustainable tourism criteria provide some guidance for agricultural heritage tourism. Based on the Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria, combined with previous survey experiences and related researches, this paper analyzes the tourism sustainability of all the 15 GIAHS sites in China, and explores the current sustainable tourism development level. On this basis, an agricultural heritage sustainable tourism development framework was built in an attempt to find the road to sustainability for agricultural heritage tourism. The framework in the global and local contexts is trying to connect all the important elements related to agricultural heritage tourism according to the UNWTO sustainable tourism criteria.

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    Protecting Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (IAHS) by Industrial Integration Development (IID): Practices from China
    ZHANG Yongxun, HE Lulu
    Journal of Resources and Ecology    2021, 12 (4): 555-566.   DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.04.013
    Abstract37)      PDF (1075KB)(16)      

    With Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) increasing in number around the world, their conservation has become a new international research theme. From the perspective of combining theoretical analyses and practical case applications, this study examines the Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (IAHS) conservation pathways and operation mechanisms through industrial integration development (IID). First, the theoretical framework of IID in IAHS sites was constructed according to the requirements of IAHS conservation, which include analyses of the connotation and basic principles of IID, the necessity of IID for IAHS sites, the resource conditions, and the IID pathways. And then based on the theoretical framework, the IID of Longji Terraces in Guangxi, Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System in Yunnan (HHRTS), Aohan Dryland Farming System in Inner Mongolia (ADFS), and Huzhou Mulberry-dyke & Fish-pond System (HMFS) in Zhejiang are analyzed systematically. The main finding is that IID is an effective pathway for IAHS conservation. However, the IID in IAHS sites must stress the ecological and cultural values of the resources; IID should be based on local resource advantages; and IID should attach importance to the combination of different policies and coordination between different stakeholders.

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    Ten Years of GIAHS Development in Japan
    NAGATA Akira, YIU Evonne
    Journal of Resources and Ecology    2021, 12 (4): 567-577.   DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.04.014
    Abstract119)      PDF (504KB)(9)      

    Approximately ten years have passed since Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) was introduced to Japan in 2011, with 11 GIAHS sites designated so far. The Japan Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (J-NIAHS), which considers resilience, multi-stakeholder participation and sixth industrialization, was subsequently established in 2016, and has designated 15 J-NIAHS sites. GIAHS sites can be classified into three major types: Landscape, farming method, and genetic resource conservation types, and most Japanese GIAHS sites are of the landscape type. Since there is almost no national subsidy for GIAHS or J-NIAHS, designated sites are expected to secure funding for conservation from their own efforts. For this reason, a voluntary network of the Japanese GIAHS sites has been active in promoting cooperation on GIAHS conservation. The priorities of the Japanese GIAHS have focused on raising public awareness about GIAHS and J-NIAHS, improving livelihoods, as well as fostering the international exchange of experience and knowledge regarding Agricultural Heritage Systems, especially among Japan, China and Korea.

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    Fostering Harmonious Coexistence of Man and Nature through Conserving Eco-agricultural Practices
    SHI Peili
    Journal of Resources and Ecology    2021, 12 (4): 578-578.  
    Abstract31)   HTML0)    PDF (432KB)(4)      
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    The Center for Natural and Cultural Heritage, IGSNRR, CAS
    Journal of Resources and Ecology    2021, 12 (4): 579-580.  
    Abstract19)   HTML0)    PDF (1263KB)(3)      
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