Content of Rural Household Survey and Livelihood in our journal

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    Analysis of the Decisions of Farmers Working Different Sized Farms to Constantly Use Soil Testing Formula Fertilizer
    LI Shasha, ZHU Yiming, LI Xiande
    Journal of Resources and Ecology    2018, 9 (2): 146-153.   DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2018.02.004
    Abstract220)   HTML0)    PDF (367KB)(88)      
    This paper researches the behavior of using soil testing formula fertilizer at farms of different sizes. The study develops a probit model based on peasant household survey data from 11 grain production areas. The results prove that: First, obvious differences exist in the distribution of formula fertilizer use ratio among farms of different sizes; large-scale farmers are the highest, small-scale farmers are the lowest. Second, from external factors, the increased yield of corn, soil testing services, and information dissemination, it is clear that training has a significant positive effect on farmers’ use behavior; the influence of soil testing services is the greatest. Third the higher the degree of organization, marketization and scale of a farm, the more likely the farmer is to use soil testing formula fertilizer. Policy recommendations are made on the basis of the empirical research presented in this paper.
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    Comprehensive Evaluation of Farm Household Livelihood Assets in a Western Mountainous Area of China: A Case Study in Zunyi City
    LIU Zhifei, CHEN Qianru, XIE Hualin
    Journal of Resources and Ecology    2018, 9 (2): 154-163.   DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2018.02.005
    Abstract299)   HTML2)    PDF (381KB)(124)      
    As the foundation of farm household structure, livelihood asset status is the basis for farmers to gain opportunities, adopt livelihood strategies, resist livelihood risk, and engage in positive livelihood achievements. Quantifying farm household assets identifies future development trends that are fundamentally necessary to predict farm household vulnerability and strategy, as well as understanding farmers’ current living situations. Using Zunyi City in China’s western mountainous area as a case study, we conducted stratified sampling and participatory rural investigation appraisal to collect data on the attributes of farm households’ livelihood assets and livelihood strategies to establish an index evaluation system and enable evaluation and analysis of farm households with different livelihood strategies. Our research indicates that due to structural differences, total livelihood assets of farm households with different livelihood strategies are similar. Rural households have an abundance of natural and material assets and deficiencies in human, financial and social assets. Non-rural households and part- time households are abundant in human, financial and social assets and deficient in natural and material assets.
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