GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (7): 1281-1290.doi: 10.11821/yj2010070013

• Urban and Rural Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study of temporal and spatial characteristics of students' behavior in Hangzhou Xiasha higher education eastern park

QI Huang-xiong, CHEN Li-zhang   

  1. Institute of Urban Planning and Environmental Management, Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310012, China
  • Received:2010-02-12 Revised:2010-05-22 Online:2010-07-20 Published:2010-07-20

Abstract:

There are more than 90 university towns in China which are widely distributed in 27 provinces or cities, including the projects that have been completed and that are being built. In the process of rapid development of university towns, the design and construction are more focused on the material form than on the actual demand of people. Almost all the research for the establishment of university towns are based on the concepts of sharing and interaction, although scholars in economics, education, geography and planning science try to study them from different angles. Therefore, this paper explores how the spatial elements influence the temporal and spatial characteristics of the students' living and learning behaviors by the case of Hangzhou Xiasha higher education eastern park, so as to provide the case data and thoughts for the improvement of planning and development of university towns for the needs of college students. This paper analyzes the temporal and spatial characteristics of students' behavior in the Hangzhou Xiasha higher education eastern park based on the data collected from interviews and questionnaire surveys, and compares them with the behaviors of students whose colleges are situated in urban areas. The survey shows that differences exist between the freshmen and the senior students in patterns of spatial behavior and spatial selection, so do differences between the students located in urban and suburban areas. This paper analyzes the behaviors in angles of both behavior patterns and behavior space, explores the reasons for these differences, and come to a conclusion that the students' behavior is affected by spatial layout in four aspects: (1) functional division; (2) campus location and transportation; (3) tree-shaped space structure; (4) public space and facility layout. Finally, three suggestions are put forward: (1) improve management system in the eastern park as to enhance efficiency on facilities sharing; (2) strengthen the interaction between universities and community; (3) introduce people-oriented concept in the planning and construction of university town to meet the reasonable spatial needs of teachers and students.

Key words: university town, college students&rsquo, behavior, temporal and spatial characteristics of behavior