Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (2): 257-269.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.02.009

• Urban Ecosystem • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Heat Island Effect Response to the Urban Landscape Pattern of Haikou based on the “Source-Sink” Theory

LI Yujie1(), FU Hui2,*()   

  1. 1. Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hunan University of Science and Engineering, Yongzhou, Hunan 425199, China
    2. Forestry College, Hainan University, Haikou, Hainan Province 570228, China
  • Received:2020-10-30 Accepted:2021-11-12 Online:2022-03-30 Published:2022-03-09
  • Contact: FU Hui
  • About author:LI Yujie, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The Natural Science Foundation of Hainan Province(421MS015);The Natural Science Foundation of Hainan Province(421QN200);The Hainan Province Philosophy and Social Science Planning Project HNSK(ZC)(21-126)


The Landsat images of the 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2018 are selected as the data source to retrieve land cover and surface temperature data. The contribution of Sink-Source landscape pattern to the heat island and its ecological effects on urban and rural gradient were analyzed by using Heat Index (HI), Sink and Source Landscape Contribution (CIsink, CIsource) and Landscape Effect Index (LI) in Haikou. The results show that the heat island is concentrated on the West Coast, and in the central urban and Jiangdong New Area; the HI shows a pattern of decreasing value with the following land types: “Bare land>Artificial surface﹥Source landscape>Shrub grassland>Farmland>Sink landscape>Woodland>Water body”. In the central city section, the CIsink and CIsource are relatively large in these five periods. The LI decreases rapidly along the urban-rural gradient, promoting the Urban Heat Island (UHI) to a large degree. In contrast, the suburban area contributes to a lesser degree. Overall, the LI fluctuates, the proportion of mitigating UHI is large, and there is a second peak outside the city center. The existing Source-Sink Landscape contributes the most to UHI in the central urban area, and this contribution decreases along the urban-rural gradient. With the continuous expansion of city-town areas, the proportion of Sink areas has increased along the gradient, and the proportion of Source areas has subsequently declined, resulting in the spatial transfer and diffusion of UHI. Therefore, a UHI mitigation strategy based on the theory of regional landscape systems is proposed here.

Key words: landscape pattern, Urban Heat Island, gradient analysis, “Source-Sink” Theory, Haikou