Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 2-16.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.01.001

• Ecosystems in Response to Global Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling with IBIS: Progress and Future Vision

LIU Jinxun1,*(), LU Xuehe2, ZHU Qiuan3, YUAN Wenping4, YUAN Quanzhi5, ZHANG Zhen6, GUO Qingxi7, DEERING Carol8   

  1. 1. U.S. Geological Survey, Western Geographic Science Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    2. School of Geography Science and Geomatics Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215009, China
    3. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210024, China
    4. School of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    5. College of Geography and Resources Sciences, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610068, China
    6. Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    7. School of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
    8. KBR Inc., contractor to the U.S. Geological Survey, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Sioux Falls, SD 57198, USA
  • Received:2021-08-16 Accepted:2021-10-14 Online:2022-01-30 Published:2022-01-08
  • Contact: LIU Jinxun
  • Supported by:
    The Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41930651);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871334)


Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVM) are powerful tools for studying complicated ecosystem processes and global changes. This review article synthesizes the developments and applications of the Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS), a DGVM, over the past two decades. IBIS has been used to evaluate carbon, nitrogen, and water cycling in terrestrial ecosystems, vegetation changes, land-atmosphere interactions, land-aquatic system integration, and climate change impacts. Here we summarize model development work since IBIS v2.5, covering hydrology (evapotranspiration, groundwater, lateral routing), vegetation dynamics (plant functional type, land cover change), plant physiology (phenology, photosynthesis, carbon allocation, growth), biogeochemistry (soil carbon and nitrogen processes, greenhouse gas emissions), impacts of natural disturbances (drought, insect damage, fire) and human induced land use changes, and computational improvements. We also summarize IBIS model applications around the world in evaluating ecosystem productivity, carbon and water budgets, water use efficiency, natural disturbance effects, and impacts of climate change and land use change on the carbon cycle. Based on this review, visions of future cross-scale, cross-landscape and cross-system model development and applications are discussed.

Key words: IBIS, ecological model, productivity, carbon cycle, global change