Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2021, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 444-452.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.04.002

• Resource and Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Role of the Important Agricultural Heritage Systems in the Construction of China’s National Park System and the Optimisation of the Protected Area System

HE Siyuan1(), DING Lubin1,2, MIN Qingwen1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-01-15 Accepted:2021-04-19 Online:2021-07-30 Published:2021-09-30
  • Contact: MIN Qingwen
  • About author:HE Siyuan, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001194);Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23100203)


Conservation-compatible development of rural communities is an important part of nature conservation objectives. Understanding the role of agriculture, which is often practiced in or bordering the protected areas in rural China, is critical for managing conservation networks considering that limited spatial areas are available for enclosed protected areas. Important Agricultural Heritage Systems stand out for their multi-functionality, and some of their values are compatible with nature conservation. This paper examined the concept, management objectives and resource management characteristics of the Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (IAHS) by analysing their interactions with national parks in terms of community development. The results reveal that management strategies of dynamic conservation, integrated protection and adaptive management of the IAHS can contribute to those national park management objectives concerning conservation-compatible livelihood. However, the typology of the protected area system, including the traditional agricultural system as a new type, needs further consideration.

Key words: Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (IAHS), adaptive management, conservation-compatible livelihood, national park, Protected Area (PA)