Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 225-233.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764X.2019.02.013

• Ecosystem Monitoring and Service • Previous Articles    

Review of Methods to Quantify Trade-offs among Ecosystem Services and Future Model Developments

WU Baiqiu1,2, WANG Junbang2,3,*(), QI Shuhua1, WANG Shaoqiang2,4, LI Yingnian3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Environment, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810001, China
    4. School of Geography and Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2018-11-05 Accepted:2019-01-15 Online:2019-03-30 Published:2019-03-30
  • Contact: WANG Junbang
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFC0503803);National Natural Science Foundation of China (41867012);Qinghai Province Science and Technology Basic Condition Platform Construction Special Project (2018-ZJ-T09).


Ecosystem services are spatially heterogeneous and temporal variability, which results in trade-offs, synergies and neutrality. The trade-off is a key problem in ecosystem management and requires optimized decision-making research. This paper reviews methods for identifying trade-offs and suggest future model developments. We conclude that (1) ecosystem service assessment depends on quantitative indicators and its modeling; (2) scenario analysis, multi-objective analysis and production possibility boundary are an effective means of ecosystem service trade-off decision-making; (3) future research needs to strengthen ecosystem service supply and demand flow and assist decision-making ecosystem mapping. Finally, integrated models should be developed to simulate and diagnose different scenarios and to optimize measures in land and ecosystem management for sustainability.

Key words: ecosystem service function, trade-off, quantitative methods