Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2017, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (4): 385-391.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2017.04.010

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Influence of Ecological Technology Measures on the Annual Sediment Load of the Wuding River

LI Min1, ZHANG Changyin2, WANG Haiyan2, *, WANG Sen3   

  1. 1. Upper and Middle Yellow River Basin Authority of Yellow River Conservancy Commission of Ministry of Water Resources, Xi’an 710021, China;
    2. Monitoring Center of Soil and Water Conservation, Ministry of Water Resources, Beijing 100053, China;
    3. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest Agricultural and Forestry University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
  • Received:2017-05-02 Revised:2017-06-30 Online:2017-07-30 Published:2017-07-30
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0503700)

Abstract: The influence of ecological technology measures on the annual sediment loads of rivers complies with the principles of statistics. In this paper, the annual sediment load of the Wuding River is taken as the dependent variable and the rainfall, rainstorms during the flood period of the Wuding River and areas of ecological technology measures are taken as the independent variables to analyze the influence of ecological technology measures on the annual sediment load of the Wuding River during the years 1956 to 2007. This research uses a stepwise regression method. The result shows that 1) the non-linear regression equation composed of three independent variables including 7-8 monthly rainfalls along the Wuding River, areas of ecological technology measures and maximum daily rainfall along the Wuding River has been calculated and set up; the correlation coefficient is R2=0.857 and the significance level is α=0.001. 2) R2=0.717 is adjusted and the regression equation reveals a change of annual sediment load exceeding 71.7% over 52 years; 3) The standardized regression coefficient for ecological technology measure area has the maximum absolute value of the three independent variables shows maximum influence on the change of annual sediment load; and 4) Because of implementing the ecological technology measures, until to year of 2007, when the 7-8 monthly rainfall and maximum daily rainfall are the maximum values in the research section, the annual sediment load is calculated as 149million ton, which is 36% of the maximum value in the history.

Key words: annual sediment load, ecological technology and evaluation, sediment, Wuding River