Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2015, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (6): 363-368.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2015.06.003

• Eco. Compensation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Major Problems and Countermeasures for the Establishment of Ecological Compensation Systems for National Key Ecological Function Areas

SUN Xinzhang1, LU Chunxia2, *   

  1. 1. The Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21, Beijing 100038, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-10-29 Online:2015-11-30 Published:2015-11-25
  • Contact: LU Chunxia.
  • Supported by:
    National Science & Technology Pillar Program (2013BAC03B05)

Abstract: At the end of the 1990s China started to construct an ecological compensation system for national key ecological function areas. An eco-compensation system focusing on the “Transfer Payment of National Key Ecological Function Areas” has been established. The current eco-compensation system has played a positive role in improving the ecological environment of national key ecological function areas; but the ecological effect is weakening due to existing problems in the eco-compensation system such as unreasonable calculation of compensation standards, poor expression of rights and interests of stakeholders, simple sources of capital and modes of compensation. For better development, the eco-compensation system should be improved by (i) adhering to the combination of vertical compensation (oriented) and horizontal compensation (auxiliary) on the whole and establishing a transfer payment system of eco-compensation at national scale; (ii) defining the compensation standard according to ecological protection costs, development opportunity costs and ecological service values and adding indicators that reflect economic green transformation to evaluate compensation effects; (iii) gradually building a utilization system of eco-compensation funds in which multi-stakeholders participate and establishing a green development-oriented system to evaluate the performance of local governments; and (iv) cultivating a new business pattern where ecological services are the product, to grow the ecological service industry.