Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2014, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (1): 68-73.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2014.01.008

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Geographical Space Distribution of China’s Oil and Gas Industry:Characteristics and Drivers

HU Jian, JIAO Bing   

  1. Research Center of Resources Environment and Regional Economics, Xi'an University of Finance and Economics, Xi'an 710100, China
  • Received:2013-05-20 Revised:2014-03-07 Online:2014-03-18 Published:2014-03-18
  • Contact: JIAO Bing.
  • Supported by:

    the Key Project of the National Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No.11AJL007) and The Ministry of education of Humanities and Social Science project (Grant No.12YJC790082).

Abstract: Here, the geographical space distribution of the oil and gas industry in China is comprehensively investigated using the overall Moran's I index and local Moran's I index. We found that China's oil and gas industry development from 2000 to 2010 has a differentiated geographical space distribution upstream (extractive industry) but not downstream (refining industry). To analyze upstream and downstream states a spatial econometrics model (SEM) was used to identify influential factors resulting from the spatial concentration of the oil and gas industry. An external effect is the key factor promoting the spatial concentration of the upstream industry in China; governmental economic policy is another important factor.

Key words: oil and gas industry, resource endowment, external effect, geographical space distribution