Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2013, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 311-316.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2013.04.003

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Structural Decomposition Analysis of the Decline in China’s CO2 Emission Intensity 2005-2010

LI Yanmei1, ZHAO Jianfeng1, YANG Tao2, CHEN Bao1   

  1. 1 Institute of Recycling Economy, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China;
    2 Institute of Society and Economy, China Tibetology Research Center, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-09-06 Revised:2013-11-13 Online:2013-12-30 Published:2013-12-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Fund of China (No. 71103012), Humanities and Social Science Project of Beijing University of Technology (No. X5104001201201).

Abstract: Here we utilize input-output tables for 2005 and 2010 to calculate the change in carbon dioxide emission intensity. Results show that total carbon dioxide emissions were 6.79 and 9.30 billion tons, and carbon dioxide emission intensity was 0.37 and 0.33 ton per thousand CNY in 2005 and 2010, respectively. Carbon dioxide emission intensity declined 11% over these five years. We used structural decomposition analysis modeling to measure the effect of four factors on this reduction in intensity. We found that the contribution values of energy structure, energy efficiency, economic growth mode and economic structure were -0.001, -0.102, 0.050, and 0.013 ton per thousand CNY, respectively. Changes in energy efficiency and energy structure are major factors promoting decreases in carbon dioxide emission intensity; the effect of the former is more distinct than the latter. Economic growth mode and economic structure are major factors that increase carbon dioxide emission intensity, whereby the effect of the former is more distinct than the latter.

Key words: carbon dioxide emissions intensity, economic growth, energy consumption, input-output, structural decomposition analysis