Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2013, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 293-303.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2013.04.001

• Articles •     Next Articles

Analysis of China’s Production-and Consumption-Based CO2 Emission Inventories

FU Jiafeng1, A Rouna2, WANG Meng3, KONG Shanshan1, GAO Qingxian1   

  1. 1 Center of Climate Change, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Science, Beijing 100012, China;
    2 Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, NC, USA;
    3 College of Economics, Hebei University, Baoding 071000, China
  • Received:2013-06-09 Revised:2013-11-05 Online:2013-12-30 Published:2013-12-20
  • Supported by:

    the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(No.2012CB955904), and National Natural Science Foundation (No. 40905062).

Abstract: China, as the biggest GHG emitter and the largest developing country, has been urged by international society to take responsibilities for reducing GHG, especially in the post-Kyoto commitment period. Currently, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) assigns the responsibility to parties who produce the pollution, using the production-based GHG emissions inventories. In this article, we analyze the difference between China's production-and consumption-based emission inventories and conclude that consumption-based GHG emission inventories are preferred; as it is fair that whoever consumes the emission should pay for their consumption. In addition, in order to consider environmental justice, policy-makers should take both economic and administrative measures to support poor provinces for reducing CO2 emissions.

Key words: CO2 emissions inventories, China, economic input-output analysis, carbon tax