Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2014, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (2): 171-178.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2014.02.010

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An Analysis on the Ecological Value and Contribution of Agriculture in Tianjin City

GONG Qianwen1,2, MU Xiangli3, WANG Limao1, ZHOU Hong4, GU Shuzhong5   

  1. 1 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2 School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China;
    3 Agricultural Management Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 102208, China;
    4 College of Resources and Environments, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;
    5 Institute of Resources and Environmental Policies, ORC, Beijing 100010, China
  • Received:2014-02-07 Revised:2014-04-03 Online:2014-06-18 Published:2014-06-06
  • Contact: GU Shuzhong.
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China (71303227), National Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of China (11CJY050), and Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (2013M530719).

Abstract: Agriculture has both economic value and non-economic value. The calculation of the non-economic value of agriculture has become a research hotspot in academic circles. This paper divides the value of agriculture into products production value and ecological value, and adopts an authoritative ecological value calculation idea, i.e. the method proposed by Costanza et al. in 1997 as the basis to calculate the ecological value of agriculture. However, the study has come under heavy criticism: for example, some data have major deviation, underestimating the ecological value of cultivated land while overestimating the wetland. XIE Gaodi et al. in 2003 came up with more reliable results to make up for the deficiency of the methods from Costanza et al. Referring to some of the results and on the basis of a questionnaire survey to 200 Chinese ecologists, this paper presented an equivalent factor table for evaluating the ecological service value (ESV) of China's ecosystem. Based on this table and the practical situation of Tianjin, the paper formulates an applicable calculation method for ecological value and actually calculates the ecological value of agriculture in Tianjin with official statistics. The results show that the actual value of the ecological value of agriculture in Tianjin in 2012 was 111.20 billion CNY, about triple of the economic value of agriculture (37.56 billion CNY) in the same year.

Key words: Ecological value of agriculture, ecological value equivalents, contribution of agriculture, Tianjin City