Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2012, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 161-168.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2012.02.008

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Water Resource Allocation under Consideration of the National NIY Plan in Harbin, China

ZHANG Yan1,2, LIU Suxia1, CHEN Junfeng1   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-04-09 Revised:2012-05-25 Online:2012-06-30 Published:2012-06-30
  • Supported by:

    the Knowledge Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (NO.KZCX2-YW-Q06-1-3), the Ministry of Science and Technology of China for “973” project (NO.2010CB428404).

Abstract: Water resource allocation (WRA) is a useful but complicated topic in water resource management. With the targets set out in the Plan of Newly Increasing Yield (NIY) of 10×1011 Jin (1 kg=2 Jin) from 2009 to 2020, the immediate question for the Songhua River Region (SHRR) is whether water is sufficient to support the required yield increase. Very few studies have considered to what degree this plan influences the solution of WRA and how to adapt. This paper used a multi-objective programming model for WRA across the Harbin region located in the SHRR in 2020 and 2030 (p=75%). The Harbin region can be classified into four types of sub-regions according to WRA: Type Ⅰ is Harbin city zone. With rapid urbanization, Harbin city zone has the highest risk of agricultural water shortage. Considering the severe situation, there is little space for Harbin city zone to reach the NIY goal. Type Ⅱ is subregions including Wuchang, Shangzhi and Binxian. There are some agricultural water shortage risks in this type region. Because the water shortage is relatively small, it is possible to increase agricultural production through strengthening agricultural water-saving countermeasures and constructing water conservation facilities. Type Ⅲ is sub-regions including Acheng, Hulan, Mulan and Fangzheng. In this type region, there may be a water shortage if the rate of urbanization accelerates. According to local conditions, it is needed to enhance water-saving countermeasures to increase agricultural production to a certain degree. Type Ⅳ is sub-regions including Shuangcheng, Bayan, Yilan, Yanshou and Tonghe. There are good water conditions for the extensive development of agriculture. Nevertheless, in order to ensure an increase in agricultural production, it is necessary to enhance the way in which water is utilized and consider soil resources. These results will help decision makers make a scientific NIY plan for the Harbin region for sustainable utilization of regional water resources and an increase in agricultural production.

Key words: the Harbin region, supply and demand prediction, multi-objective programming model, genetic algorithm, water resource allocation (WRA)