Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (6): 1098-1108.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.06.014

• Tourism Resource and Ecotourism • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evolution of Landscape Pattern and Tourism Service Value in Zhangjiakou City

LI Ying1,2(), DAI Yuexingtong1, HAN Jingting1,3, ZOU Tongqian1,*()   

  1. 1. China Academy of Culture and Tourism, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Management and Science University, Shah Alam 40100, Malaysia
  • Received:2021-10-18 Accepted:2022-03-15 Online:2022-11-30 Published:2022-10-12
  • Contact: ZOU Tongqian
  • About author:LI Ying, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The Beijing Social Science Fund(20GLC064)


Zhangjiakou is a northern Chinese city that hosted the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games. As an important ice and snow tourist destination, it is essential to investigate Zhangjiakou's rate of landscape pattern change, the landscape ecological security level, and ecosystem service value, particularly the tourism ecological service value during its construction. With land use data from 2000 to 2020, this study comprehensively analyzed the dynamic changes in Zhangjiakou, including land use dynamics, the land use transfer matrix, landscape vulnerability, landscape disturbance, ecosystem service value, tourism ecological service value, and other aspects. The results show that the landscape pattern in Zhangjiakou was greatly disturbed from 2015 to 2018, and the landscape ecological security was threatened in the process of landscape pattern adjustment. By 2020, after the landscape pattern was adjusted and stabilized, the landscape ecological security was restored, and the ecosystem service value was significantly improved, especially the tourism ecological service value. The results of this study will play an important role in promoting the optimization of Zhangjiakou's ice and snow landscape pattern and the improvement of tourism ecological value. In addition, it provides important lessons for the development of other ice and snow tourist destinations.

Key words: ice and snow tourist destination, landscape pattern, landscape ecological security, tourism leisure value, Zhangjiakou City