Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 63-68.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764X.2019.01.008

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Net Horizontal Payments for Ecosystem Services: An Application in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region of China

LIN Yongsheng1, GUO Zhixin2, ZHENG Yaomin3,*(), ZHANG Lirong4, HUANG Huabing3   

  1. 1. China Market Economy Research Center, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. School of Economics and Resource Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Chinese Academy for Environment Planning, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100012, China;
  • Received:2018-09-17 Accepted:2018-11-08 Online:2019-01-28 Published:2019-01-28
  • Contact: ZHENG Yaomin
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA19030104);National Key Research and Development Programme of China (2017 YFA0603004).


Payments for ecosystem services (PES) are one kind of important tool for environmental protection, and have been widely studied by international scholars and conservationists. Based various definitions of PES from recent articles, we have outlined four principles for PES: parity, measurability, additionality and conditionality, and then have used these principles to develop a formula to calculate a standard for PES. Finding a way to use PES to achieve a win-win relationship between economic growth and environmental protection in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region (BTHR) is a key task for Chinese government. Synergetic development of BTHR has become a national strategy, like The Belt and Road Initiative. This article employed the formula we developed to calculate the net horizontal PES amounts that each provincial government within BTHR should pay. Our findings show that Beijing should have paid 10.44×109 Yuan (0.4% of Beijing’s GRP) and Tianjin 16.56×109 Yuan (0.93% of Tianjin’s GRP) to Hebei in 2016.

Key words: payments for ecosystem services, positive externality, incentive, Coase Theory