Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2023, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 383-390.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2023.02.016

• Resources and Environment • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Main Problems of the Water Ecological Environment and Protective Countermeasures in the River Basin of the Altay Region, Xinjiang

QIN Yan1(), KAYRAT Aldyarhan2, ZHANG Zhe1,*(), LIU Peng1, LIU Hao1, LI Yuchen1   

  1. 1. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
    2. Landscape Forest Field Lake Grass Ecological Protection and Restoration Project, Pilot Project Headquarters, Office of the Irtysh River Basin in Xinjiang, Altay, Xinjiang 836599, China
  • Received:2021-11-08 Accepted:2022-03-15 Online:2023-03-30 Published:2023-02-21
  • Contact: ZHANG Zhe
  • About author:QIN Yan, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701601);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871196);The Scientific Research Project in Altay Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China(2019-529)


This study systematically sorted out the situation of the water ecological environment in the river basins of the Altay region, and analyzed the main problems that exist concerning water environmental quality, water ecology, water resources, and other aspects. The Altay region has three major river systems: the Irtysh River, the Ulungur River and the rivers of Jimunai County. The water environmental quality of major rivers in the region remained stable, and the total amount of water resources in the Altay region is at the forefront of Xinjiang. However, insufficient ecological flow in the Altay basin, serious water ecological damage and water environmental risks are still prominent. Based on the main problems which were identified and the distribution of the river system, the Altay region would be divided into four areas: the Irtysh River Basin, the Ulungur River Basin, the river basins of Jimunai County, and the desert control unit in the south, and the four areas was divided into eleven water ecological environment control units. In order to provide scientific and technological support for the improvement of the water ecological environmental quality of the river basins in the Altay region, general ideas and countermeasures are put forward for protecting the water ecological environment of the river basin from the three aspects of enhancing water pollution prevention and control, strengthening the protection of water resources, and reinforcing water ecological protection and restoration.

Key words: Altay region, water ecological environment, control units, key tasks