Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2023, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 252-264.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2023.02.004

• Tourism Resources and Ecotourism • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Performance Evaluation of Ecological Compensation at the County Level: A Case Study of Anyuan County in Dongjiangyuan Watershed, China

TANG Wenyue(), WANG Qianguang(), CHENG Hao, ZHU Zhenhong   

  1. Institute of Ecological Civilization, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
  • Received:2021-09-18 Accepted:2022-01-30 Online:2023-03-30 Published:2023-02-21
  • Contact: WANG Qianguang
  • About author:TANG Wenyue, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The Humanities and Social Science Research Project of Ministry of Education of China(21YJAZH078);The Humanities and Social Science Research Project of Ministry of Education of China(19YJA790080);The Jiangxi Provincial Graduate Innovation Special Fund Project(YC2021-B138);The Jiangxi University Humanities and Social Science Research Project(JJ18121)


Watershed ecological compensation is an important means to protect the ecological environment and an important part of China’s ecological civilization construction. It can promote the sustainable and coordinated development of a region, enhance the advantages of the ecological environment in the upstream area, and lay the foundation for the high-quality development of ecological tourism in the upstream area. The accurate evaluation of the effect and efficiency of ecological compensation is a prerequisite for optimizing and perfecting the ecological compensation system. In order to evaluate the effect and efficiency of watershed ecological compensation, this paper used the case study area of Anyuan County, an important ecological area of the Dongjiangyuan watershed in the pilot area of China’s interprovincial watershed ecological compensation. This paper established an evaluation index system, used the entropy method and the data envelopment analysis (DEA) method to construct a watershed ecological compensation effect and efficiency evaluation model, and selected the ecological compensation index data from 2015 to 2020 to evaluate the effect and efficiency. This paper also constructed an econometric model to analyze their driving factors. The results showed that the effect of watershed ecological compensation was generally on the rise. Low pure technical efficiency (PTE) was the main reason for low comprehensive efficiency (CE), and the management efficiency of ecological compensation projects needs to be improved. The overall performance of scale efficiency (SE) was good, but there was still a problem of capital redundancy. Ecological compensation expenditure had a significant negative impact on the efficiency of ecological compensation, and ecotourism had a significant positive impact on the effect and efficiency of the ecological compensation. The results of this study can provide a scientific basis and theoretical reference for improving the effect and efficiency of watershed ecological compensation schemes.

Key words: watershed ecological compensation, performance evaluation, entropy method, DEA, Anyuan County