Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (6): 1074-1086.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.06.012

• Tourism Resource and Ecotourism • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial Distribution and Cultural Features of Traditional Villages in Beijing and Influencing Factors

XIAO Xiaoyue1,2(), TANG Chengcai1,2,*(), LIANG Wenqi1,2   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Sciences, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
    2. Research Center of Beijing Tourism Development, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2021-11-06 Accepted:2022-04-15 Online:2022-11-30 Published:2022-07-20
  • Contact: TANG Chengcai
  • About author:XIAO Xiaoyue, E-mail: 739239470@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    The Key project of national key R&D plan(2019YFB1405600);The Humanities and Social Sciences Research Foundation of the Ministry of Education of China(18YJA630102);The Major Project of National Social Science Foundation for Arts(20ZD02);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071199)

Abstract:

Traditional villages are important part of Beijing, an internationally famous historic and cultural city. Exploring the spatial distribution and cultural features of traditional villages, and the factors that have shaped them, will help promote the protection and utilization of traditional villages in Beijing. ArcGIS spatial analysis, literature analysis, fieldwork and in-depth interviews were mainly carried out to analyze the spatial distribution and cultural features of traditional villages in Beijing and their influencing factors. The results show three main features. (1) The overall distribution of traditional villages in Beijing is random, although there are more traditional villages in the southwest and northeast and less in the southeast and northwest. Most of them are distributed along the higher piedmont plains or intermountain basins, and most of them are backed by hills and surrounded by rivers or along the ancient road. (2) There are some cultural commonalities among the traditional villages in Beijing, and nine typical traditional village cultures have been formed, including traditional residential culture, traditional folklore culture, the Great Wall garrison culture, mausoleum guarding culture, etc. (3) The formation of the spatial distribution and cultural features of traditional villages in Beijing is influenced by natural environmental factors like terrain, climate, and rivers, as well as human activities such as royal life, capital construction, ancient military defense, transportation, trade, etc. This study can provide a reference for the scientific protection and effective utilization of traditional villages in Beijing and all over the country.

Key words: traditional villages, spatial distribution, cultural features, rural culture, rural vitalization, Beijing