Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (6): 1058-1073.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.06.011

• Tourism Resource and Ecotourism • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial Structure and Development of Tourism Resources based on Point Pattern Analysis: A Case Study in Hainan Island, China

ZHANG Tongyan1(), WANG Yingjie2,*(), WANG Yingying3, ZHANG Shengrui1, YU Hu2   

  1. 1. College of Management, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong 266100, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Systems, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018, China
  • Received:2021-02-12 Accepted:2022-06-01 Online:2022-11-30 Published:2022-10-12
  • Contact: WANG Yingjie
  • About author:ZHANG Tongyan, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The Hainan Province Tourism Development Committee(HZ2018-186);The Special Key Projects of Science and Technology Basic Work of Ministry of Science and Technology(2013FY112800)


Tourism resources are the basic materials of tourism development, and they also provide the support for regional tourism spatial competition. The development of tourism depends on the degree to which tourism resources are utilized, and it is of great guiding significance for their development and utilization to study their spatial structure. Based on a large sample of data on tourism resources, and starting from the characteristics of multi-type, multi-level and multi-combination, this paper puts forward a framework and method for analyzing the spatial structure of tourism resources. Taking Hainan Island as an example, this paper describes the spatial structure of tourism resources in Hainan Island by using the method of point pattern analysis, identifies the tourism resource development zones, and puts forward some suggestions for the development of tourism resources. The results are as follows: (1) The characteristic scale of the spatial structure of tourism resources in Hainan Island is 30.5 km, and there are significant differences in the distributions of all kinds of tourism resources. (2) Through the spatial structure map of tourism resources, the tourism resource development zones are identified, including three tourist central city levels, “one horizontal and three vertical” tourist belts and four tourist combination areas. (3) By combing the distribution of tourism resources and the development zones in Hainan Island, the cross-border characteristics of the tourism resources and development zones are obvious. In order to give full play to the spatial combination and superposition effect of tourism resources, a change from a single isolated development mode to the overall combined development between regions is suggested. On the provincial scale, it is relatively accurate to describe the spatial structure of tourism resources for point data with a large sample size. However, the method of point pattern analysis can not only accurately describe the spatial structure of tourism resources, but it can also provide reference for other types of regional spatial analyses. The research results provide a scientific basis for the spatial planning of regional tourism resources and have practical significance for the development of regional tourism.

Key words: tourism resources, spatial structure, development area, point pattern analysis method, Hainan Island, China