Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (6): 1022-1029.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.06.007

• Resource Use and Resource Economy • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Paschim Kusaha Village of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Sunsari District, Nepal

Deepa KARKI1,*(), Nabin POUDEL2, Sweta DIXIT1, Sijar BHATTA1, Bharat GOTAME3, Man Kumar DHAMALA2, Dipak KHADKA1,4,5,*()   

  1. 1. Environmental Science program, Golden Gate International College, Battisputali, Kathmandu 4059, Nepal
    2. Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu 44618, Nepal
    3. Bhimsen Thapa Municipality-7, Borlang, Gorkha 34000, Nepal
    4. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Innovative Development and Utilization of Forest Plant Germplasm, College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
    5. Environment Protection and Study Center (ENPROSC), Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
  • Received:2021-04-01 Accepted:2021-06-30 Online:2022-11-30 Published:2022-10-12
  • Contact: Deepa KARKI,Dipak KHADKA


Human-wildlife conflict has been one of the most trouble-causing issues in many areas of Nepal including Eastern Nepal. This study assessed the human-wildlife conflict status in Paschim Kusaha Village of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (KTWR), Sunsari District, Nepal. Data were collected from 47 respondents of different households through questionnaire surveys and formal and informal interviews. Results revealed that the most destructive wild animals were wild elephants, wild boar, and wild water buffalo and the most raided crops were paddy (63.83 %), maize (19.15%), and potato (17.02%). Most of the encounters between humans and wildlife were recorded at night (after dusk and before dawn) (78.72%). Local people were suffering from damage of physical properties, human harassment or nuisance, and depredation of cropland due to wild animals. A total of 70% of respondents had a positive attitude towards conservation despite disturbing human mortality records (22 deaths in the last five years) from the reserve area and surrounding. Awareness of wildlife behavior together with conservation and easy access to compensation schemes were suggested to minimize conflicts in the area.

Key words: adaptation measures, crop damage, human-wildlife conflict, people's perception