Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (6): 964-976.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.06.002

• Resource Use and Resource Economy • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research on Ecological Restoration Technology in Arid or Semi-arid Areas from the Perspective of the Belt and Road Initiative

LI Yue1,*(), QI Shi2, LI Jingjing1   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration, Guizhou University of Finance and Economics, Guiyang 550025, China
    2. Key Laboratory of State Forestry Administration on Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-09-02 Accepted:2022-03-30 Online:2022-11-30 Published:2022-10-12
  • Contact: LI Yue
  • Supported by:
    The Youth Talent Growth Project of Guizhou Provincial Department of Education(Qian Jiao He KY [2022] 202);The School-level Project of Guizhou University of Finance and Economics in 2022(2022KYZD02)

Abstract:

In the new era of the rapid development of economic globalization and the community of human destiny, the implementation of the “One Belt and One Road” (OBOR) construction model is designed to coordinate environmental protection and economic development. Most of the countries along the Silk Road in the 21st century are developing countries, and the majority of them are facing the same ecological and developmental difficulties as China. In this paper, under the background of the “OBOR” strategy and on the basis of the distribution of global climate types, we selected Central Asia and Northwest China, which have temperate continental climates, as the research objects. We sorted out and summarized the main ecological problems faced by Western China and Central Asia during the development of the “Belt and Road” initiative. At the same time, in combination with the major ecological governance projects implemented in recent years, we proposed key ecological governance technologies that have a certain degree of scalability, such as key technologies for water resource utilization and protection, sand prevention and control, and saline-alkali land governance. The aim was to offer the experiences and a reference for providing technological models for the “one belt along the road” region and the country to build an effective ecological governance system. Two suggestions are then proposed for improving the feasibility and rationality of ecological governance technology in the construction of the “One Belt, One Road”. 1) With the implementation of the strategy of “OBOR” construction, the ecological threats the OBOR countries are facing cannot be ignored. Every country needs to jointly act to build an “OBOR” ecological civilization. 2) The participants must pay attention to the spatial heterogeneity and temporal dynamics of ecological carrying capacity, and provide data reference and support for the reasonable allocation of ecological governance technology.

Key words: the “Belt and Road” initiative, ecological civilization, ecological governance, ecological restoration technology