Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (3): 360-370.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.03.002

• Ecological Community Management • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A Community Resilience Evaluation and Optimization Strategy based on Stormwater Management

ZHANG Quan(), XUE Shanshan, ZOU Chengdong   

  1. School of Architecture and Art, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230601, China
  • Received:2020-11-05 Accepted:2021-10-29 Online:2022-05-30 Published:2022-04-18
  • Contact: ZHANG Quan
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601581);The Science Technology Plan Project for Construction Industry of Anhui Province(2011YF-32)

Abstract:

In the context of disaster normalization, the concept of “resilience” has been gradually introduced into the field of disaster prevention and mitigation in urban communities. In order to resist the increasingly frequent disasters caused by extreme weather, it is necessary to shift the focus of building resilient urban communities to the level of stormwater management. Community resilience is a disaster prevention and mitigation capability based on community resources. In order to solve the deficiency of storm and flood management in the current construction of resilient communities in China, it is necessary to establish a quantitative evaluation system to evaluate it. This paper uses the analytic hierarchy process and Delphi method to establish a community resilience evaluation system from the perspectives of community material space level, community management level and individual level. Then three communities in Hefei City, Anhui Province are selected for practical application of the system, and corresponding optimization and transformation strategies are proposed. The results show that: (1) The resilience of community stormwater management is closely related to the integrated environment of the community, the allocation of flood control facilities and the daily disaster prevention and mitigation management; (2) The ability of disaster prevention and mitigation and the awareness of public participation of the residents in all communities are relatively weak, and the communities invest less in the popularization of stormwater management wisdom; and (3) Resilient communities should not only pay attention to the construction of non-engineering disaster prevention measures, but also to the application of small-scale green infrastructure oriented toward stormwater management.

Key words: stormwater and flood management, community, resilience, evaluation system, optimization strategies