Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 120-128.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.01.014

• Restoration Ecology and Ecological Engineering • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Development Process, Current Situation and Prospects of the Conversion of Farmland to Forests and Grasses Project in China

LI Shidong1,*(), LIU Moucheng2   

  1. 1. National Forestry and Grassland Administration of China, Beijing 100714, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-07-19 Accepted:2021-09-30 Online:2022-01-30 Published:2022-01-08
  • Contact: LI Shidong
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171279);The Mobility Programme DFG-NSFC(M-0342);Research on the Development Strategy of China Conversion of Farmland to Forests and Grasses(TBG2020002)

Abstract:

The Conversion of Farmland to Forests and Grasses Project is the most symbolic and globally important ecological engineering effort to build the human and natural life community. After the call and mobilization stage since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the first round of Conversion of Farmland to Forests and Grasses occurred at the end of the 20th century. With the second round of Conversion of Farmland to Forests And Grasses launched in 2014, the central government has invested 535.3 billion yuan altogether by 2020, and 34.83 million ha have been returned to forest and grassland in 25 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) (2435 counties included). Among them, 14.23 million ha were returned from farmland; barren hills and wasteland afforestation accounted for 17.53 million ha; and sealed mountain forest cultivation represented 3.07 million ha, accounting for 40% of the total afforestation area of national key projects in the same period, and 41 million households and 158 million farmers benefited directly. The project construction has made great achievements. The total value of ecological benefits has reached 1.42 trillion yuan, plus economic benefits of 0.26 trillion yuan, and social benefits of 0.73 trillion yuan, for a total amount of 2.41 trillion yuan. This effort has made outstanding contributions toward building an ecological civilization and a beautiful China. Looking forward to the future, the Conversion of Farmland to Forests and Grasses will embark on a new stage of high-quality development, which will strive to achieve high-quality construction, high efficiency and a high level of management. China will promote the third round of conversion of farmland to forest and grassland from 2021 to 2035, and it is expected to return 6.67 million ha to forests and grasses.

Key words: Conversion of Farmland to Forests and Grasses, development process, current situation, construction achievement, strategic task