Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2021, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (6): 766-776.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.06.005

• Ecological Restoration in Altay Region • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Practical Exploration of Ecological Restoration and Management of the Mountains-Rivers-Forests-Farmlands-Lakes-Grasslands System in the Irtysh River Basin in Altay, Xinjiang

LIU Hanchu1(), FAN Jie1,2,3,*(), LIU Baoyin1, WANG Li1, QIAO Qin1   

  1. 1. Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-02-09 Accepted:2021-05-05 Online:2021-11-30 Published:2022-01-30
  • Contact: FAN Jie
  • About author:LIU Hanchu, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The Major Science and Technology Projects in Altay Region(E0035219);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41630644);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001139));The China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2020M670472)


The Irtysh River Basin refers to a water conservation area and a vital ecological barrier in Xinjiang and also partially in Central Asia. Here, the technical solution for the ecological protection and the restoration of the Mountains-Rivers-Forests-Farmlands-Lakes-Grasslands system (MRFFLGs) pilot project in the Irtysh River Basin is refined, by complying with the core concept, i.e., “mountains, rivers, forests, farmlands, lakes and grasslands are a community of life”. The solution stresses the specific characteristics of ecologically protecting and restoring MRFFLGs in the Irtysh River Basin, which aim to reduce ecological water use, soil erosion, forest and grassland degradation, the ecological destruction of mines, water environment pollution and other issues. With overall protection, system restoration, district policy, and problem orientation as the overarching ideas, 162 sub-items of 44 major items with seven categories have been designed and implemented in the project. In addition, some highlights of the management experience that are worth promoting when the pilot project is being implemented are also summarized (e.g., the use of laws to solve historical problems, scientific argumentation and third-party evaluation, proactive guidance for the engagement of people, modern information technology support, and integration with local sustainable development). Lastly, four policy suggestions are proposed: (1) Building a model of systematic protection and restoration by using basins as the basic geographic unit; (2) Establishing and optimizing key weak links of systems and mechanisms; (3) Focusing on remedying the shortcomings of regional talents, technology and capital; and (4) Promoting the MRFFLGs project to integrate “industry, city, people, and tourism” for carrying out a large-scale system project.

Key words: Mountains-Rivers-Forests-Farmlands-Lakes-Grasslands system, ecological restoration, functional zoning, management model, Irtysh River Basin