Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2021, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 513-521.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.04.009

• Resource Management • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Conservation of the Important Agricultural Heritage Systems in the Economically Developed Area:Experiences, Problems and Solutions—A Case Study of Zhejiang Province

GU Xingguo1,2(), JIAO Wenjun3, SUN Yehong4, WANG Bin5,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Rural Development, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Creative Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China, Hangzhou 310021, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Tourism College of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
    5. Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Hangzhou 311400, China
  • Received:2021-01-23 Accepted:2020-05-07 Online:2021-07-30 Published:2021-09-30
  • Contact: WANG Bin
  • About author:GU Xingguo, E-mail: guxingguo@zaas.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23100203)

Abstract:

Zhejiang Province, located in the Yangtze River Delta region, is representative of China's economically developed areas. It enjoys superior natural conditions and a long history of agriculture, and is a comprehensive agricultural area with integrated development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery. It has nurtured the farming culture represented by Hemudu culture and Liangzhu culture, which have given rise to numerous precious Agricultural Heritage Systems. At present, Zhejiang Province has three of the world’s Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) and 12 China Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (China-NIAHS), so it not only has the largest number of heritages in China, but it has also attained remarkable achievements in heritage conservation. Taking Zhejiang Province as an example in combination with the rural revitalization strategy, this paper summarizes the achievements in the protection of Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (IAHS) in Zhejiang Province during the past 15 years from the aspects of increasing farmers’ income, cultural Inheritance and industrial upgrading, as well as the conservation experiences in government promotion, community initiative, enterprise participation, technology driving and social linkage. Further, in view of the problems that exist in the current heritage protection,such as imperfect management of heritage sites, low participation of community residents, lack of special protection funds, and imperfect provincial management system,the following countermeasures and suggestions are put forward: (1) Improve the management mechanism for the conservation and development of Agricultural Heritage Systems; (2) Develop regional public branding of agricultural products in Agricultural Heritage System sites; (3) Increase the Agricultural Heritage System science education as well as cultural and creative product development; (4) Carry out the evaluation and recognition of IAHS at the provincial level; and (5) Provide substantial support and input to the conservation and utilization of IAHS. This study can provide some guidance for the conservation of IAHS in Zhejiang Province and it provides important reference for IAHS in the economically developed areas in China.

Key words: Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (IAHS), Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), China Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (China-NIAHS), economically developed area, Zhejiang Province