Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2021, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 498-512.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.04.008

• Resource Management • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Design and Application of the Annual Report of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Monitoring

JIAO Wenjun1(), WANG Bojie1,2, SUN Yehong3, LIU Moucheng1,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Tourism College of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-01-16 Accepted:2021-04-21 Online:2021-07-30 Published:2021-09-30
  • Contact: LIU Moucheng
  • About author:JIAO Wenjun, E-mail: jiaowj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801204);International Exchange and Cooperation Project of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs(12200020)

Abstract:

Scientific and effective heritage monitoring can not only realize the conservation of the heritage itself and the maintenance of its values, but it can also realize the sustainable development of the heritage site. In order to promote the conservation and management of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), this study proposed a design for the annual report of GIAHS monitoring under the overall framework of the GIAHS monitoring system, and explored the application of the annual report in the first GIAHS site in China: the Qingtian Rice-Fish Culture System. In the design scheme of this study, the GIAHS annual monitoring report is composed of 24 monitoring items, with each of them logically related. It is to be filled in by the bureaus of the heritage site and reported through the GIAHS dynamic monitoring system. The results of an analysis of the annual reports of Qingtian Rice-Fish Culture System for four years showed that Qingtian County has taken a series of conservation and development measures which have reduced the area of abandoned paddy, enhanced the unit benefit of agri-products, and increased the farmers’ income. At the same time, the heritage site is faced with various challenges and threats, such as the weakening of the tourism attraction, the aging of the heritage practitioners, and the limitation of the heritage-themed agri-products and tourism income, which need to be addressed with proper measures. The results can also provide guidance for other GIAHS based on indications that heritage sites should improve the development of cultural products, the construction of social organization and the cultivation of spontaneous publicity, and an exchange and learning mechanism should be established among them in the future. The design and application of the GIAHS annual monitoring reports can not only provide specific guidance for conducting the GIAHS monitoring, but also lay the foundation for evaluating the effectiveness of GIAHS conservation and management. This study is expected to help enrich the theory of GIAHS monitoring, further promote China’s GIAHS monitoring work, and also provide China’s experience for the benefit of international GIAHS monitoring efforts.

Key words: Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), monitoring, annual report, Qingtian Rice-Fish Culture System