Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2021, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 480-488.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.04.006

• Resource Economy • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Evaluation of Food and Livelihood Security in a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Site

YANG Lun1(), YANG Jianhui2, JIAO Wenjun1, LIU Moucheng1, LI Wenhua1,3,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-01-20 Accepted:2021-03-30 Online:2021-07-30 Published:2021-09-30
  • Contact: LI Wenhua
  • About author:YANG Lun, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001249)


Based on the basic selection criteria of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) and food and livelihood security research trends, this paper established an evaluation framework and indicator system for food and livelihood security in GIAHS and selected the first GIAHS site in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau as a case for empirical evaluation. The results demonstrate that the food and livelihood security of farmers at this site was at a medium level, with an average evaluation value of 2.91, which still lagged behind the level of better food and livelihood security. Specifically, the average values of farmers’ evaluation of food security and livelihood security were 1.43 and 1.48, respectively, which show that farmers’ food security in the study area was at a medium level and that of livelihood security was relatively good. Simultaneously, the more simple a farmers’ economic activities (i.e., agriculture-oriented economic activities or non-agriculture-oriented economic activities), the worse their food and livelihood security; while the more diversified the economic activities (i.e., engaged in part-time economic activities), the better the food and livelihood security.

Key words: Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), food security, livelihood security, concept framework, evaluation indicator, Biebu Zhagana Agriculture-Forestry-Animal Husbandry Composite System