Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2021, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 471-479.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.04.005

• Resource Economy • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Calculation of Ecological Compensation Standards for the Kuancheng Traditional Chestnut Cultivation System

LIU Moucheng1(), BAI Yunxiao1,2, YANG Lun1,*(), WANG Bojie1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-01-15 Accepted:2021-03-31 Online:2021-07-30 Published:2021-09-30
  • Contact: YANG Lun
  • About author:LIU Moucheng, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The Mobility Programme DFG-NSFC(M-0342);Ecology Young Talents Support Project of the Chinese Society of Ecology(STQT2020B03);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801204)


Kuancheng Traditional Chestnut Cultivation System is located in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Water Containment Function Area. The Traditional Chestnut Cultivation System is characterized by agroforestry compound, and some studies have shown that the compound planting of chestnut has better ecological benefits than the single chestnut planting mode. However, most of the local farmers in Kuancheng are mainly engaged in single chestnut cultivation. Through ecological compensation, farmers are being encouraged to change their chestnut planting mode, which can achieve the purpose of inheriting China’s important agricultural heritage and improving the ecological benefits. This paper introduces preference coefficients to correct for opportunity costs, and through interviews and questionnaires, we obtained the input and output of the single chestnut cultivation, chestnut-maitake, chestnut-millet, and chestnut-chicken and the income of laborers working outside the home in the Kuancheng area. Through analysis and calculation, we obtained the following results: (1) Although the net income of the three chestnut composite modes is higher, their economic input is higher than that of a single chestnut planting mode, and the return on unit investment is lower. (2) The average income of young and middle-aged workers who work outside is higher than that of the local farming industry, so the local chestnut agroforestry plantation has a higher opportunity cost. (3) The final calculation shows that the chestnut-chicken agroforestry operation mode needs no compensation, the chestnut-maitake plantation mode is compensated at least 1608.5 USD ha-1 yr-1, and the minimum compensation for the chestnut-millet plantation mode is 198.3 USD ha-1 yr-1, which can guarantee that farmers receive the full value of their creations. Ultimately, farmers are incentivized to revive the traditional agroforestry production mode to achieve both economic and ecological benefits while inheriting agricultural heritage.

Key words: ecological compensation standards, China Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (China-NIAHS), Cost-Benefit method, opportunity cost, Kuancheng Traditional Chestnut Cultivation System