Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2020, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (4): 378-387.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2020.04.006

• Resource Economics and Resource Evaluation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Two Types of Truck Bumper Produced in the Algerian Auto Industry

KEBBOUCHE Zahia1, TAIRI Abdelaziz1, SAFI Brahim2,*()   

  1. 1. Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Processes Engineering, Faculty of Hydrocarbons and Chemistry, University M’hamed Bougara of Boumerdes, Boumerdes 35000, Algeria
    2. Department of Engineering Process, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, University M’hamed Bougara of Boumerdes, Boumerdes 35000, Algeria
  • Received:2019-02-27 Accepted:2020-03-25 Online:2020-07-30 Published:2020-09-30
  • Contact: SAFI Brahim
  • About author:ZAHIA Kebbouche, E-mail: z.kebbouchecherifi@univ-boumerdes.dz

Abstract:

Currently, the reduction of weight in automotive is a very important topic to reduce the air pollution. In this context, the purpose of the present paper is to analyze a real case study through a comparison of the environmental impacts between a conventional steel bumper and a polyester prototype. In the first part of this work, a door-to-door life-cycle assessment methodology was used throughout the study of the component manufacturing phase. The SimaPro 7.1 software is used to evaluate the impacts of both bumpers on the environment and health. The second part is devoted to dust analysis from the polyester workshop. The obtained results have allowed us to show the company that its choice of steel substitution by the polyester is advantageous for certain impacts including the impact of climate change, but unfortunately there may be, given the working conditions of the polyester workshop, a transfer of impact, since we will end up with a risk of health (irritations, cancers) for the workers. LCA has proven to be a very useful tool for validating a redesigned automotive component from an environmental point of view; from this case study, several recommendations were made for the company to design environmentally friendly components, and ecodesign should be introduced into the company’s procedures.

Key words: eco-design, SimaPro 7.1, life cycle analysis, automotive industry, Eco-indicator 99