Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2020, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (4): 349-357.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2020.04.003

• Forest Ecosystem • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Species Diversity Characteristics of a Natural Pinus taiwanensis Community with Different Diameter Classes and Forest Densities

WANG Yang, JIANG Xiongbo*(), WU Dezhi*()   

  1. Hubei Ecology Polytechnic College, Wuhan 430200, China
  • Received:2019-12-11 Accepted:2020-03-02 Online:2020-07-30 Published:2020-09-30
  • Contact: JIANG Xiongbo,WU Dezhi
  • About author:WANG Yang, E-mail: 13296698026@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Hubei Province(B2018481);Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Hubei Province(B2018482)

Abstract:

Pinus taiwanensis is a species endemic to China. This study selected four typical plots of Pinus taiwanensis in the natural secondary forest around Macheng City, in order to reveal the characteristics of and the relationships between different diameter classes (determined based on the diameter at breast height or DBH), forest densities and species diversity, as well as the similarities of species diversity of different plots within the community. The result showed that Pinus taiwanensis was the dominant species in the community. The ratio of Pinus taiwanensis trees of diameter class IV reached a peak of 19.46% of the total followed by diameter class VII at 18.92%. The study recorded 156 species of vascular plants from 130 genera of 71 families; Pinus taiwanensis was the dominant species in the community. When the forest density was 1200 trees ha -1 with the largest average diameter of DBH=36.779±4.444 cm, the diversity (Shannon index H'=1.6716) and the evenness (Pielou index E=0.6727) of the tree layer was the highest. When the forest density reached 1525 trees ha -1 with the lowest average diameter of DBH=18.957±5.141 cm, the richness (Dma=5.4308), the diversity (H'=2.9612) and the evenness (E=0.8985) of all shrub layers climbed to the maximum. When the forest density was 1325 trees ha -1, the richness (Dma=5.8132), the diversity (H'=3.0697) and the evenness (E=0.9025) of all herb layers peaked. In terms of vertical structure, the average diversity indexes were herb layer>shrub layer>tree layer. High canopy density weakened light intensity in the community, causing a reduction in the species diversities of herbs and shrubs. The average similarity coefficient between the sample plots was 0.3356, which was at the medium dissimilarity level. External disturbances and improper management were major contributors to the low species diversity of the community. The implementation of scientific management measures is urgently needed to optimize the forest structures of Pinus taiwanensis, create a benign community environment, and promote species diversities and establish a stable forest community structure.

Key words: Pinus taiwanensis, diameter class, forest density, species diversity