Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2020, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (2): 206-212.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2020.02.008

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The Threshold Effect of Rationalization of Industrial Structure on Air Quality in Shanxi Province

ZHU Meifeng1, WU Qinglong1, ZHANG Huaming2, CHEN Zhanbo3   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China;
    2. School of Economy, Shanxi University of Finance & Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China;;
    3. Guangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanning 530003, China
  • Received:2019-08-19 Accepted:2020-01-05 Online:2020-03-30 Published:2020-05-30
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China (71774105); The National Social Science Foundation of China (19BTJ053); The Soft Science Research Project in Shanxi Province of China (2019041012-4); The Institutions of Higher Learning in Shanxi Province Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences Fund Project (2017324).

Abstract: Shanxi Province is a typical resource-based region. After years of economic transformation, the air quality has been at a low level for a long time. The rationalization of industrial structure can measure the effect of economic transformation and whether it has an important impact on air quality. Therefore, it is necessary to study the non-linear impact that the rationalization of industrial structure has had on air quality at different stages, which is of positive significance for the continuing transformation and upgrading of resource-based regions. This study constructs a threshold regression model based on the panel data of 11 provincial cities in Shanxi Province from 2004 to 2016. The results show that the rationalization of industrial structure had a double threshold effect on air quality under different threshold variables. On the whole, optimizing the rationalization of industrial structure in Shanxi Province can improve air quality, and the improvement effect dropped first, and then began to rise. As a result, the current energy transformation and upgrading process should focus on the rationalization of industrial structure to solve the conflict between air quality and economic development.

Key words: rationalization of industrial structure, air quality, threshold effect, Shanxi Province