Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2020, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (1): 121-127.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2020.01.012

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Analysis of the Food Consumption Mode and Its Influencing Factors in Kazakhstan

LIANG Yihang1,2, ZHEN Lin2,3,*, HU Yunfeng2,3, YAN Huimin2,3, ZHANG Changshun2,3   

  1. 1. School of Earth Science and Resource, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710000, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. School of Resource and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-06-29 Accepted:2019-09-15 Online:2020-01-30 Published:2020-01-30
  • Contact: ZHEN Lin, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA20010202); The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0503700).

Abstract: The excessive influence of human activity has highlighted the dilemma between maintaining a stable ecosystem while satisfying consumer demands for food. Kazakhstan has ecological problems caused by the conflict between humans and the land, grasslands and raising livestock. Therefore, this study of the food consumption modes in Kazakhstan aims to improve the sustainability of food consumption while maintaining the integrity of the ecosystem. Based on the data of food consumption in Kazakhstan in 2012 and 2016, and through the delineation of consumption modes and the analysis of their changes, this study found three very different food consumption modes in Kazakhstan - one dominated by milk and cereals; one by milk, cereals and meat; and one by milk, cereals, meat, vegetables and fruit. These three modes were distributed separately in the northern, central and southern regions of Kazakhstan, respectively. It is worth noting that food consumption in Kazakhstan is developing into a pattern of milk, cereals and meat. Confronted with the different food consumption modes and their tendencies toward variations, the basic theories of food production need to be revised, and the exchange of information and cooperation between the different regions of Kazakhstan and relevant interests abroad should be encouraged in order to increase the well-being of local consumers.

Key words: food consumption, consumption mode, supply, consumption habits