Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 105-111.doi: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764X.2019.02.001

• Preface •     Next Articles

A National Key R&D Program: Technologies and Guidelines for Monitoring Ecological Quality of Terrestrial Ecosystems in China

WANG Shaoqiang1,2, WANG Junbang1,*(), ZHANG Leiming1,2, XIAO Zhishu3, WANG Feng4, SUN Nan5, LI Daiqing6, CHEN Bin1, CHEN Jinghua1,2, LI Yue1,2, WANG Xiaobo1,2, WANG Miaomiao1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Institute of Desertification Studies, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
    5. Key Laboratory of Crop Nutrition and Fertilization, Ministry of Agriculture/Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
    6. State Environment Protection Key Laboratory of Regional Eco-process and Function Assessment, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
  • Received:2018-11-21 Accepted:2019-01-15 Online:2019-03-30 Published:2019-03-30
  • Contact: WANG Junbang E-mail:jbwang@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    The National Key Basic Research and Development Program (2017YFC0503800)

Abstract:

Ecological quality is defined as the stability, adaptability and resilience of an ecosystem. Monitoring and assessing ecological quality are important bases for China's ecological civilization construction. The national key research and development program “Technologies and guidelines for monitoring ecological quality of terrestrial ecosystems in China”, launched in July 2017, includes plans to study the observation technologies and provide guidelines on the ecological in-situ observation, the regional biodiversity and ecosystem function monitoring and its applications, all of which contribute to national ecological quality assessment. A year after its implementation, some important progress has been achieved, such as building the indicator system for comprehensive monitoring of ecological quality and improvement of the methods, mass data transmission, infrared camera-based monitoring of biodiversity, multi-angle automatic spectral observation systems, and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based desert monitoring. We have organized this special issue and attempted to introduce the monitoring techniques and assessment methods on ecological quality from different perspectives in order to further promote the development of ecology and its observation methods.

Key words: ecological quality, ecological factors, biodiversity, ecosystem function, monitoring technology, monitoring guidelines