Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 94-103.doi: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764X.2019.01.012

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Responding to Global Warming: Mitigation Policies and Actions of Stakeholders in China’s Tourism Industry

FENG Ling1, CHEN Da2, GAO Shan1, WANG Yongzhi3, TANG Chengcai1,*()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Sciences, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
    2. Department of Urban Studies and Planning, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    3. School of English Education, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2018-09-18 Accepted:2018-12-10 Online:2019-01-28 Published:2019-01-28
  • Contact: TANG Chengcai E-mail:tcc5808@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (13CJY015);National Natural Science Foundation of China (41301161);Beijing Social Science Fund (14JGB025);China National Tourism Administration Tourism Young Expert Training Program (TYETP201501).

Abstract:

China’s tourism industry has witnessed rapid progress in recent years, and is now an important part of global tourism in dealing with climate change. Within a framework of Pressure-State-Response (PSR), this paper focuses on the emission reduction pressure, carbon emission status, and responses of stakeholders in China’s tourism industry. Findings include: 1) The central government’s strategy and rapid growth of the industry scale exert rising pressure on China’s tourism to reduce carbon emissions. 2) Carbon emissions of China's tourism account for 13%-14.6% of global tourism, and about 3% of China’s emissions overall. Chinese tourists’ per capita carbon emission is lower than half of the global level. 3) The Chinese government attaches great importance to energy-saving and carbon emission reduction. In the tourism industry, documents, standards and other regulative measures have been issued to ensure that business practitioners set up green operational and managerial systems. In the field of tourism transportation, China's high-speed rail, new energy vehicles, and urban shared bicycles, have developed very rapidly in recent years, and they have effectively reduced the carbon emissions in traveling. Furthermore, this paper finds that Chinese tourists already have awareness and willingness for low-carbon tourism.

Key words: global warming, mitigation policies, stakeholders’ actions;, China’s tourism;