Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2018, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (6): 654-662.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2018.06.008

• Ecosystem Assessment • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A Study of the Qianyanzhou Mode in a Subtropical Red Soil Hilly Region of China

ZOU Jingdong1, LIU Wenjing2, WANG Jingsheng3,*, WANG Tong3, LI Chao3, DING Lubin3, BAO Xiaoting2   

  1. 1. Ji’an Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Ji’an, Jiangxi 343103, China;
    2. School of Environment and Natural Resources Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-11-25 Revised:2018-04-28 Online:2018-11-30 Published:2018-11-30
  • Contact: *WANG Jingsheng, E-mail: wangjsh@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Science and technology service network initiative (STS) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (KFJ-SW-STS-147-4); Taihe Qianyanzhou Academician Workstation Fund.

Abstract: Qianyanzhou is located in the heart of Jitai Basin in Guanxi town, the county seat of Taihe county in Jiangxi province. Qianyanzhou has a subtropical humid climate and exemplifies the geographic and geomorphologic characteristics of red soil hilly regions in southern China. In the early 1980s, to control soil and water loss and problems with grain yields, Qianyanzhou’s researchers proposed an innovative, comprehensive stereoscopic agriculture development mode known as the “Qianyanzhou mode”. This mode included a forest-livestock-food ecosystem, a forest-fruit-economy ecosystem, and a land-water compound stereoscopic system, all located within a watershed. In the Qianyanzhou mode, soil and water loss were completely controlled, thereby promoting environmental conservation and economic development. The state and the society as a whole supported this mode thanks to its far-reaching social impact. In the 21st century, given new societal concerns and continuing economic development, Qianyanzhou mode has been restructured as two ecosystems of forest-fowl and planting-raising circular economies at landscape level, based on an increase in vegetation coverage from 4.3% to more than 80%. These improved modes can significantly enhance the ecosystem, reduce poverty, and to promote the construction of local ecological civilization. This study introduces the Qianyanzhou mode and summarizes its characteristics in different phases. We hope that the information in this study supports improvements to and promotion of the Qianyanzhou mode. We believe the Qianyanzhou mode can play an important role in efforts to modify the agriculture industrial structure, alleviate poverty, and construct ecological civilization.

Key words: compound management, Qianyanzhou mode, red soil hilly region